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Headword: Κωνσταντινούπολις
Adler number: kappa,2287
Translated headword: Konstantinoupolis, Constantinople
Vetting Status: high
"Constantinople stands as far above all other cities as Rome appears to surpass her; and to be awarded second place to Rome seems to me to be far better than to be named the first of all the others."[1]
"Three hundred sixty years had passed for the elder Rome since the reign of Augustus Caesar, and the end of her days were already in sight, when Constantine the son of Constantius took hold of the sceptre and founded the new Rome."[2]
From the foundation of the new Rome to the time that the Porphyrogenneti Basil and Constantine held the scepters of the Romans [the number of] years [...].[3]
Greek Original:
Κωνσταντινούπολις: ὅτι ἡ Κωνσταντινούπολις τοσοῦτον τῶν ἄλλων ἁπασῶν μείζων, ὅσον τῆς Ῥώμης ἐλαττοῦσθαι δοκεῖ: ἧς τὸ δευτέραν τετάχθαι μακρῷ βέλτιον ἔμοιγε φαίνεται ἢ τὸ τῶν ἄλλων ἁπασῶν πρώτην νομίζεσθαι. ὅτι τριακόσιοι ἑξήκοντα ἀπὸ τῆς Αὐγούστου Καίσαρος μοναρχίας διεληλύθεισαν ἐνιαυτοὶ τῇ πρεσβυτέρᾳ Ῥώμῃ, καὶ τῶν πραγμάτων αὐτῆς ἤδη πρὸς πέρας ἀφιγμένων Κωνσταντῖνος ὁ Κωνσταντίου παῖς ἐπιλαβόμενος τῶν σκήπτρων τὴν νέαν ἀνίστησι Ῥώμην. ἀπὸ δὲ κτίσεως τῆς νέας Ῥώμης μέχρι τῶν κατεχόντων τὰ σκῆπτρα Ῥωμαίων Βασιλείου καὶ Κωνσταντίνου τῶν Πορφυρογεννήτων ἔτη ...
Constantinople was previously Byzantium (beta 588) and subsequently Istanbul.
[1] Julian, Oration 1 p.8c Hertlein.
[2] From the πάτρια κωνσταντινουπόλεως of the C6 CE Milesian historian Hesychius Illustrius (1.3-7 Preger). Constantinople was founded in 324 CE, so the reign of Augustus is here deemed to have begun in 36 BCE. Cf. kappa 2284, where it is pushed even further back (to 38 BCE, by the more precise figure 362). If, on the other hand, the Suda refers to the dedication of Constantinople in 11 May 330 CE, the Byzantine author(s) begin(s) the rule of Augustus in 30 BCE, the year after the battle of Actium.
[3] Material unidentifiable. The text breaks off at this point, before (presumably) giving the number of years between Constantine the Great and these two named Byzantine emperors, Basil II (976-1025) and his brother Constantine VIII (1025-1028).
Keywords: biography; chronology; geography; history; rhetoric
Translated by: William Hutton on 14 June 2000@12:33:04.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note and keyword; cosmetics) on 27 May 2001@06:37:38.
David Whitehead on 17 June 2002@09:55:05.
Mehmet Fatih Yavuz (augmented note 2) on 25 October 2008@11:05:51.
David Whitehead (expanded n.3; more keywords) on 25 March 2011@08:14:37.
David Whitehead on 25 March 2011@08:15:01.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 15 March 2013@08:05:12.
David Whitehead (corrected my chronological note, at the prompting of Christian Iamartino; cosmetics elsewhere) on 2 May 2016@03:18:36.


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