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Headword: Κόρη
Adler number: kappa,2078
Translated headword: maiden
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] a virgin. [The term comes] from the [verb] κορῶ ["I sweep out"],[1] [meaning] I cleanse. Also κόρη , the pupil of the eye; through which the fluid is emitted so as to perceive visible things. But κόρη could also be a name for the aperture in the choroid membrane, through which the clear-sighted spirit is passed, which is χόρη or κόρη . So κόρη is the aperture in the choroid and the optic influence passing through the nerve; the covering on this [is] the cornea. Then whenever this thickens or from some scars from wounds hardening in it, it happens that one cannot see; as when the eardrum is injured one cannot hear.[2]
Hades who ruled the Molossians at the time of the judges of the Jews, had a daughter who was called Kore; for the Molossians called their good-looking women "maidens". Peirithous loved her and wished to carry her off by night. Knowing this her father tied her up by the watch dog he had, which because of its size he called Tri-Cerberos, and it dealt with Peirithous coming according to the arrangement; then he ravished the maiden coming out to his aid. About her they say that Pluto ravished her.[3]
There are also the terms κόρη and κόρος ,[4] the youngest, from the [verb] κορῶ , [meaning] I am supervising; for the younger ones need a lot of supervision. And of the eye likewise. And[4] the temple custodian [νεωκόρος ] is not the one sweeping clean the temple, but the one having supervision of it.
Greek Original:
Κόρη: ἡ παρθένος. παρὰ τὸ κορῶ, τὸ καθαίρω. καὶ κόρη, ἡ τοῦ ὀφθαλμοῦ: δι' ἧς τὸ ὑγρὸν προβέβληται ὥστε δι' αὐτοῦ ἀντιλαμβάνεσθαι τῶν ὁρατῶν. κόρη δ' ἂν λέγοιτο καὶ τὸ τρῆμα τὸ ἐν τῷ ῥαγοειδεῖ χιτῶνι, παρὰ τὸ δι' αὐτῆς χεῖσθαι τὸ διορατικὸν πνεῦμα, χόρη τις οὖσα, καὶ κόρη. κόρη οὖν τὸ τρῆμα τοῦ ῥαγοειδοῦς καὶ τὸ διὰ τοῦ νεύρου προϊὸν ὀπτικὸν πνεῦμα: τὸ δὲ ἐπὶ ταύτῃ δέρμα κερατοειδὴς χιτών. ὅταν οὖν παχυνθῇ οὗτος ἢ ἀπὸ οὐλῶν τινῶν ἐκ τραυμάτων ἐνσκιρωθεισῶν ἐν αὐτῷ, συμβαίνει τὸ μὴ ὁρᾶν: οὕτω καὶ ἡ μήνιγξ παθοῦσα τὸ μὴ ἀκούειν. ὅτι ἐπὶ τῶν κριτῶν τῶν Ἰουδαίων ἐβασίλευσε Μολοσσῶν ᾍδης, ὃς ἔσχε θυγατέρα, ἣν ἐκάλεσε Κόρην: τὰς γὰρ εὐπρεπεῖς γυναῖκας οἱ Μολοσσοὶ κόρας ἐκάλουν. ταύτην ἐφίλησεν ὁ Πειρίθους καὶ ἐβουλήθη νυκτὸς ἁρπάσαι. γνοὺς δὲ τοῦτο ὁ πατὴρ αὐτῆς ᾍδης ἔδησεν ὃν εἶχε πρὸ τῆς θύρας κύνα, ὃν ἐκάλει διὰ τὸ μέγεθος Τρικέρβερον, καὶ ἐλθόντα κατὰ σύνταξιν τὸν Πειρίθουν διεχρήσατο: ἐξελθούσης δὲ τῆς κόρης πρὸς βοήθειαν καὶ αὐτὴν διεχρήσατο. περὶ ἧς φασιν, ὅτι ὁ Πλούτων αὐτὴν ἥρπασε. λέγεται δὲ Κόρη καὶ Κόρος, ὁ νεώτατος, ἀπὸ τοῦ κορῶ τὸ ἐπιμελοῦμαι: πολλῆς γὰρ ἐπιμελείας δέονται οἱ νεώτεροι. καὶ ἐπὶ τοῦ ὀφθαλμοῦ ὁμοίως. νεωκόρος δὲ οὐχ ὁ σαρῶν τὸν νεών, ἀλλ' ὁ ἐπιμελούμενος αὐτοῦ.
Notes:
Similar material, variously, in other lexica and grammars.
[1] cf. kappa 2076.
[2] Largely from John Philoponus, Commentary on Aristotle's de anima 366.10-13 and 368.2-7 Hayduck.
[3] Similar material in late historiography, e.g. Malalas.
[4] Cross-referenced at kappa 2101.
[5] For this material cf. nu 228.
Keywords: chronology; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; medicine; mythology; philosophy; science and technology; women; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 16 February 2000@17:41:23.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (restorative and other cosmetics) on 24 November 2002@18:35:02.
David Whitehead (modified translation; added notes and keyword) on 25 November 2002@03:21:50.
Catharine Roth (added keyword) on 25 November 2002@10:50:12.
David Whitehead (more notes and keywords; tweaking) on 11 March 2013@10:05:54.
David Whitehead (coding) on 2 May 2016@05:17:52.

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