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Headword: *ko/modos
Adler number: kappa,2007
Translated headword: Commodus
Vetting Status: high
[Commodus,] emperor of [the] Romans; [it was he] who, driven by some fortune, advanced to such a point of madness and insanity as to reject his own name and to call himself Heracles and the son of Zeus.[1] He bid that the months take their names from himself in this manner: Amazonius, Commodus, Augustus, Heracleus, Romaeus, Hyperairon, Aniketos, Eusebes, Eutyches, Lucius, Aelius, Aurelius.[2] Shedding the clothing of the Romans, he put on a lion skin and took up a club. In this manner, he fought one-on-one with beasts and men in public — displaying, in truth, fine skill with the javelin and amazing everyone. But when he turned to much murderousness, he mercilessly gathered into the theatre all the wretched and mutilated men and fitted their knees with some wondrous serpent-like things and killed them with his club as the giants.[3] And, sleeping among the gladiatorial contests[4] and from there going to meet at the assemblies before the gathered senate, he was harshly criticized so that even Marcia, his most honored concubine, charged him and renounced what he had done. And many others too begged him to do nothing unworthy of an emperor.
Greek Original:
*ko/modos, basileu\s *(rwmai/wn: o(\s u(po/ tinos tu/xhs e)launo/menos e)s tosou=ton mani/as kai\ paroini/as prou)xw/rhsen, w(s th\n i)di/an proshgori/an paraith/sasqai, *(hrakle/a de\ kai\ *dio\s ui(o\n o)noma/zesqai: tou/s te mh=nas a)f' e(autou= fe/rein ta\s proshgori/as prose/tacen ou(/tws: *)amazo/nios, *ko/modos, *au)/goustos, *(hra/kleios, *(rwmai=os, *(uperai/rwn, *)ani/khtos, *eu)sebh/s, *eu)tuxh/s, *lou/kios, *ai)/lios, *au)rh/lios. a)podusa/meno/s te to\ *(rwmai/wn sxh=ma leonth=n u(pestrw/nnuto kai\ r(o/palon e)pefe/reto: ou(/tw te qhri/ois kai\ a)nqrw/pois dhmosi/a| e)monoma/xei, eu)sto/xws kata\ to\ a)lhqe\s a)konti/zwn kai\ para\ pa/ntwn qaumazo/menos. e)peida\n de\ ei)s pollh\n miaifoni/an e)tra/ph, pa/ntas a)feidw=s tou\s a)qli/ous kai\ lelwbhme/nous a)/ndras e)s to\ qe/atron sunagagw\n drakontoeidh= te/ tina periqei\s e)k gona/twn fa/smata, w(s gi/gantas tw=| r(opa/lw| kateirga/sato. kaqeu/dwn de\ e)n toi=s monomaxei/ois, e)kei=qen e)s ta\s panhgu/reis pro\s th=s sugklh/tou boulh=s u(pantw/menos e)k pa/ntwn me\n kakw=s dieba/lleto, w(/ste kai\ th\n *marki/an, h(\n ei)=xe pallakw=n timiwta/thn, katagnw=nai au)tou= kai\ a)pagoreu=sai ta\ pratto/mena. polloi\ de\ kai\ a)/lloi i(ke/teuon au)to\n mhde\n a)na/cion th=s basilei/as poiei=n.
L. Aurelius Antoninus Commodus was the son of the last of the so-called five "good" emperors, Marcus Aurelius (mu 214), and reigned from 180 to 192. See generally A.R. Birley in OCD(4) s.v., and web address 1.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: athletics; biography; clothing; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; history; medicine; mythology; religion; women; zoology
Translated by: Abram Ring on 25 November 2003@22:15:31.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented primary note, and keywords) on 26 November 2003@03:55:10.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, keyword) on 17 September 2008@01:28:15.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 10 March 2013@07:56:25.
David Whitehead on 4 August 2014@07:19:31.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 29 January 2015@10:32:49.
David Whitehead (coding) on 2 May 2016@04:35:18.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 25 October 2019@01:27:19.


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