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Headword: Κναφεύς
Adler number: kappa,1855
Translated headword: carder, fuller
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
From the [verb] κνῶ , [meaning] I scratch. Homer [writes]: "but that on this she would grate (κνῃ̂ ) goat's cheese with a bronze grater".[1] And a gnapheus [sc. is so called] from the "carding" [gnapsis] of "cloth" [phâros]; [gnapsis] is from "polished" [ganon] and "bright" [lampron].[2] And the [sc. spelling] with "g" is koine, while with "k" is Attic.[3] And Aristophanes [writes]: "if the fullers would supply tunics to the poor after the sun started turning away [i.e. the onset of winter], none of us would be damaged by pleurisy."[4]
Greek Original:
Κναφεύς: παρὰ τὸ κνῶ, τὸ ξύω. Ὅμηρος: ἐπὶ δ' αἴγειον κνῇ τυρὸν κνήστι χαλκείῃ. γναφεὺς δὲ παρὰ τὴν τοῦ φάρους γνάψιν: ἥτις ἐστὶ παρὰ τὸ γανὸν καὶ λαμπρόν. καὶ ἔστι τὸ μὲν διὰ τοῦ γ κοινόν, τὸ δὲ διὰ τοῦ κ Ἀττικόν. καὶ Ἀριστοφάνης: ἢν παρέχωσι τοῖς δεομένοις οἱ κναφεῖς χλαίνας, ἐπειδὰν πρῶτον ἥλιος τραπῇ, πλευρῖτις ἂν ὑμῶν οὐδένα βλάψοι ποτέ.
Notes:
[1] Homer, Iliad 11.639-640. κνῃ̂ is cited as a subjunctive both here and in kappa 1862, instead of the unaugmented imperfect indicative.
[2] Etymology from the scholia to Aristophanes, Plutus [Wealth] 166. γνάψις is indeed "carding", as used in Plato, Politicus 282E. The derivation from "polish" and "bright" (already at gamma 329) is fantastical.
[3] Also in gamma 328.
[4] Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae 415-417; cf. gamma 330, tau 406. Our accepted text has the Attic plural κναφῆς , and ends "none of you would be seized by pleurisy".
Keywords: clothing; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; epic; medicine; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 14 December 2008@06:49:11.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more x-refs; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 14 December 2008@07:55:27.
David Whitehead on 5 March 2013@05:25:06.

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