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Headword: *knafeu/s
Adler number: kappa,1855
Translated headword: carder, fuller
Vetting Status: high
From the [verb] knw=, [meaning] I scratch. Homer [writes]: "but that on this she would grate (knh=|) goat's cheese with a bronze grater".[1] And a gnapheus [sc. is so called] from the "carding" [gnapsis] of "cloth" [phâros]; [gnapsis] is from "polished" [ganon] and "bright" [lampron].[2] And the [sc. spelling] with "g" is koine, while with "k" is Attic.[3] And Aristophanes [writes]: "if the fullers would supply tunics to the poor after the sun started turning away [i.e. the onset of winter], none of us would be damaged by pleurisy."[4]
Greek Original:
*knafeu/s: para\ to\ knw=, to\ cu/w. *(/omhros: e)pi\ d' ai)/geion knh=| turo\n knh/sti xalkei/h|. gnafeu\s de\ para\ th\n tou= fa/rous gna/yin: h(/tis e)sti\ para\ to\ gano\n kai\ lampro/n. kai\ e)/sti to\ me\n dia\ tou= g koino/n, to\ de\ dia\ tou= k *)attiko/n. kai\ *)aristofa/nhs: h)\n pare/xwsi toi=s deome/nois oi( knafei=s xlai/nas, e)peida\n prw=ton h(/lios traph=|, pleuri=tis a)\n u(mw=n ou)de/na bla/yoi pote/.
[1] Homer, Iliad 11.639-640. knh=| is cited as a subjunctive both here and in kappa 1862, instead of the unaugmented imperfect indicative.
[2] Etymology from the scholia to Aristophanes, Plutus [Wealth] 166. gna/yis is indeed "carding", as used in Plato, Politicus 282E. The derivation from "polish" and "bright" (already at gamma 329) is fantastical.
[3] Also in gamma 328.
[4] Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae 415-417; cf. gamma 330, tau 406. Our accepted text has the Attic plural knafh=s, and ends "none of you would be seized by pleurisy".
Keywords: clothing; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; epic; medicine; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 14 December 2008@06:49:11.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more x-refs; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 14 December 2008@07:55:27.
David Whitehead on 5 March 2013@05:25:06.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticules) on 29 September 2019@01:05:26.


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