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Headword: *khru/los
Adler number: kappa,1549
Translated headword: kerulos, kerylos
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] the male [h]alcyon,[1] which dies in intercourse. Euphronios reports that the Dorians say "would that, would that I were a khru/los";[2] but the Attic-speakers [call it] keiru/los. When the males grow old the females support them with their wings. And perhaps [the word] is formed from the [verb] kei/rein ["to cut the hair"], for Sporgilos was a barber. Plato mentions him in Sophists: "Sporgilos' barbershop, most hateful shack."[3]
Greek Original:
*khru/los: o( a)/rrhn a)lkuw/n, o(\s e)n tai=s sunousi/ais a)poqnh/skei. *eu)fro/nio/s fhsi tou\s *dwriei=s le/gein, ba/le de/, ba/le, khru/los ei)/hn: tou\s de\ *)attikou\s keiru/lon. tou\s de\ a)/rrenas ghra/skontas ai( qh/leiai basta/zousi toi=s pteroi=s. kai\ mh/pote para\ to\ kei/rein e)sxhma/tistai. o( ga\r *sporgi/los h)=n koureu/s. mnhmoneu/ei au)tou= *pla/twn e)n *sofistai=s: to\ *sporgi/lou kourei=on, e)/xqiston te/gos.
From a scholion on Aristophanes, Birds 299 (web address 1); cf. Photius, Lexicon kappa522 Theodoridis (s.v. kei/ruloi, from Pausanias the Atticist), and other references there.
[1] The kerulos was a mythical sea-bird, identified with the alkyon (the Mediterranean kingfisher, Alcedo ispida, alpha 1300) or with the male of this species.
[2] For this idiom cf. beta 70.
[3] Plato Comicus fr. 135 Kock (144 Kassel-Austin), quoted again at sigma 964. For 'shack' see tau 216.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; gender and sexuality; mythology; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 19 November 2008@00:23:17.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; another note; more keywords; cosmetics) on 19 November 2008@03:26:44.
David Whitehead on 19 November 2008@03:27:13.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 22 February 2013@05:57:26.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 24 February 2013@00:17:33.
David Whitehead (coding) on 1 May 2016@05:02:16.


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