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Headword: *ke/rkwy
Adler number: kappa,1410
Translated headword: kerkôps
Vetting Status: high
[genitive] kerkôpos: a cheat/rogue. Or a kind of ape.[1] But [the proper name] Kekrops, [genitive] Kekropos, [sc. is different].
Greek Original:
*ke/rkwy, ke/rkwpos: a)patew/n. h)\ ge/nos piqh/kou. *ke/kroy de/, *ke/kropos.
The common noun ke/krwy had both of the senses given. That of "knave" (as an extension of the Kerkopes: kappa 1405, kappa 1406) is the usual sense in antiquity (LSJ s.v. I). The sense "ape" turns up in Byzantine Greek, based on the fact that the Kekropes were man-monkeys. LSJ s.v. II cites only an instance in the astrological corpus published by Manitius; but the sense is clear in John Lydus (6 CE), On Months 3.11: "and that is why the Egyptians have the custom of honouring the ibis and the kerkôps; for both animals are considered in concord with the Moon".
On Kekrops (the second vowel is omicron) see kappa 1272.
[1] Gloss taken from Photius and the Lexica Segueriana, and similarly elsewhere.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; history; mythology; zoology
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 4 November 2008@07:35:40.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 4 November 2008@07:49:07.
David Whitehead on 19 February 2013@05:30:52.


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