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Headword: *ke/rkouros
Adler number: kappa,1404
Translated headword: kerkouros, light galley
Vetting Status: high
A kind of ship.[1] Light galleys and light pirate craft and cock-boats [are] kinds of boats.[2]
And [there is] a proverb: "and a light galley [sc. belongs] among herbs". A herb [is] something wild, worthless, hence the proverb.[3]
Greek Original:
*ke/rkouros: nho\s ei)=dos. *ke/rkouroi kai\ muopa/rwnes kai\ le/mboi ei)/dh ploi/wn. kai\ paroimi/a: *kai\ ke/rkouros e)n laxa/nois. la/xano/n ti a)/grion, eu)tele/s, a)f' ou(= h( paroimi/a.
[1] The kerkouros is frequently glossed (Harpocration, Hesychius, Photius, the Lexica Segueriana, the Etymologicum Magnum, Glosses on Herodotus 7.97, Herodian De prosodia catholica vol. 3.1 p. 202), all with some variation of "kind of boat" or "kind of ship".
[2] Tzetzes, Chiliades 6.47, writing a couple of centuries later, gives a listing of twelve types of boat; ke/rkouroi come first, le/mboi kai\ muopa/rwnes fifth and sixth. Appian, Libyca 576 mentions ke/rkouroi and muopa/rwnes together as small boats.
[3] The proverb is actually ko/rxoros e)n laxa/nois "a blue pimpernel among herbs", on which see kappa 2133. (Adler does not comment on this mis-reading of a scholion on Aristophanes, Wasps 239.)
Keywords: botany; comedy; daily life; definition; economics; food; military affairs; proverbs
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 5 November 2008@11:29:13.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 6 November 2008@03:38:42.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 19 February 2013@03:44:56.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 6 August 2019@15:34:42.


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