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Headword: *kaqosi/wsis
Adler number: kappa,122
Translated headword: treason; holiness
Vetting Status: high
[A term deriving] from being against the holy, that is [against] the emperor.[1]
"In the time when Theodosius was emperor of the Romans, Symmachus, of consular rank, issued a speech for the imperial despot Maximus and, fearing the charge of treason he fled to the precincts of the churches; Theodosius deemed him worthy of total clemency."[2]
And elsewhere about Christ: "for we gave him over to the laws, and we did not sin against holiness."[3]
Greek Original:
*kaqosi/wsis: para\ to\ kata\ tou= o(si/ou gi/nesqai, h)/toi tou= basile/ws. o(/ti e)pi\ *qeodosi/ou tou= basile/ws *(rwmai/wn *su/mmaxos a)po\ u(pa/twn ei)s to\n tu/rannon *ma/cimon basiliko\n lo/gon diech=lqe kai\ dediw\s to\ th=s kaqosiw/sews e)/gklhma toi=s tw=n e)kklhsiw=n shkoi=s proskatafeu/gei: o(\n o( *qeodo/sios pa/shs filanqrwpi/as h)ci/wse. kai\ au)=qis peri\ tou= *xristou=: toi=s ga\r no/mois au)to\n paredw/kamen, kai\ ei)s kaqosi/wsin ou)x h(ma/rtomen.
[1] For this sense of the headword see LSJ s.v., II (crimen laesae majestatis); kappa 121 has a quite different one, and see again below.
[2] cf. Socrates, Historia Ecclesiastica 5.14. "Maximus" here is Magnus Maximus or Maximianus, who usurped control over the Western Roman Empire and on whom Quintus Aurelius Symmachus delivered a panegyric.
[3] John of Antioch fr.90 FHG (4.574), now 172 Roberto; see also nu 254.
Keywords: biography; Christianity; chronology; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; law; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 6 March 2008@18:12:05.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified headword and tr; augmented notes; more keywords) on 7 March 2008@04:27:35.
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaking) on 22 January 2013@07:40:33.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 29 January 2015@10:20:53.


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