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Headword: *kainoprepe/s
Adler number: kappa,1172
Translated headword: new-fangled, novel
Vetting Status: high
"He built a new-fangled siege-engine in secret, carving out the length of large beams and joining these together, and inserting a single chain, reaching all around them, into the slots. He filled the space between them with lead. Then working very quickly, he blocked off the banks [extending] along that same river, by building Dariuses(?) on either side; in these he placed an adequacy of troops and he deprived the city of seaborne imports."[1]
Greek Original:
*kainoprepe/s: mhxa/nhma/ ti kainoprepe\s e)tekth/nato laqrai/ws, glu/yas dokw=n mega/lwn to\ mh=kos kai\ tau/tas kaqenw/sas e)nei/s te mi/an a(/lusin tai=s glufai=s, dih/kousan e)s pa/sas, moli/bdw| to\ tou/twn ke/nwma e)/plhse, taxuergw=s li/an a)poklei/ei ta\s o)/xqas di' au)tou= tou= potamou= e(kate/rwqen skeua/sas darei/ous: e)n oi(=s boh/qeian a)poxrw=san balw\n e)ste/rei th\n po/lin tw=n e)k th=s qala/tths a)gwgi/mwn.
The headword, neuter singular of this adjective, is presumably extracted from the quotation.
[1] A tantalizing (late) quotation, from an unknown source and concerning an unidentifiable individual and context. Nor is it self-evident how the 'new-fangled siege-engine' operates. If it is directly connected with what happens on the river banks, it might be a dam or suchlike.
The verb kaqeno/w is a hapax; so is the adverb taxuergw=s (though Xenophon and, especially, Appian have cognates). The passage uses "Thucydidean" shibboleths (e)s, qala/tths), but likewise that tells us little.
"Dariuses" are not otherwise attested with a meaning which makes sense here; the word as transmitted may well be corrupt.
Keywords: biography; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; food; historiography; history; military affairs; science and technology; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 16 October 2008@07:53:14.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaks to tr; augmented notes and ketwords) on 16 October 2008@08:19:46.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr and expanded notes, after hearing from NN) on 16 October 2008@09:09:02.
David Whitehead on 12 February 2013@05:48:52.


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