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Headword: *keki/lios
Adler number: kappa,1165
Translated headword: Caecilius
Vetting Status: high
A Sicilian, from Callatis (Callantis [sic] is a city in Sicily).[1] Rhetor. He was a sophist in Rome under Caesar Augustus, and until Hadrian. He was of servile parentage, some say, and his former name was Archagathus. He was of the Jewish faith. His books are numerous: Against the Phrygians, 2 books (it is alphabetically arranged);[2] Demonstration that Every Word of Elegant Language has been Spoken (it is a selection of words, alphabetically arranged); Comparison of Demosthenes and Cicero; How the Attic and Asian Styles Differ; On the Stylistic Character of the Ten [Attic] Orators; Comparison of Demosthenes and Aeschines; On Demosthenes, which of his speeches are genuine and which misattributed; On Things Said Consistently and Inconsistently with History by the Orators; and very many other works. I am surprised by his being Jewish: a Jew clever in Greek matters.
Greek Original:
*keki/lios, *sikeliw/ths, *kallatiano/s: *ka/llantis de\ po/lis *sikeli/as: r(h/twr, sofisteu/sas e)n *(rw/mh| e)pi\ tou= *sebastou= *kai/saros kai\ e(/ws *)adrianou=, kai\ a)po\ dou/lwn, w(/s tines i(storh/kasi, kai\ pro/teron me\n kalou/menos *)arxa/gaqos, th\n de\ do/can *)ioudai=os. bibli/a de\ au)tou= polla/: *kata\ *frugw=n du/o: e)/sti de\ kata\ stoixei=on. *)apo/deicis tou= ei)rh=sqai pa=san le/cin kallirrhmosu/nhs: e)/sti de\ e)klogh\ le/cewn kata\ stoixei=on: *su/gkrisis *dhmosqe/nous kai\ *kike/rwnos: *ti/ni diafe/rei o( *)attiko\s zh=los tou= *)asianou=: *peri\ tou= xarakth=ros tw=n de/ka r(hto/rwn: *su/gkrisis *dhmosqe/nous kai\ *ai)sxi/nou: *peri\ *dhmosqe/nous, poi=oi au)tou= gnh/sioi lo/goi kai\ poi=oi no/qoi: *peri\ tw=n kata\ i(stori/an h)\ para\ i(stori/an ei)rhme/nwn toi=s r(h/torsi: kai\ a)/lla plei=sta. pw=s de\ *)ioudai=os tou=to qauma/zw: *)ioudai=os sofo\s ta\ *(ellhnika/.
C1 BC/AD (the reference to Hadrian here cannot be right). See generally RE Caecilius(2); NP Caecilius(5); OCD4 Caecilius(1); PIR2 C14; FGrH 183; TLG 1233.
Adler has chosen to print the name spelled with epsilon, while noting that alphabetical order requires *kaiki/lios as in the Aldine edition (1514). See Wendel p.234 (and kappa 1238).
[1] Better known as Cal(e)acte (Kale Akte, 'Cape Fair'), on the north coast of Sicily. Adler notes that here in the Suda entry 'Holstenius' (Lucas Holstein, 1596-1661; see Sandys, A History of Classical Scholarship II 364-5) proposed emending *kallatiano/s to *kalakti=nos, and *ka/llantis to *kala/kth, on the basis of Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 6.272F (6.104 Kaibel).
[2] Probably a critique of the Asian style in oratory. The next work mentioned presumably demonstrated the classical authors of the vocabulary approved by Caecilius' Atticist taste.
Carl Wendel, review of Adler Parts II & III: Gnomon 11 (1935): 232-38.
Keywords: biography; chronology; geography; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: Malcolm Heath on 27 February 2000@18:14:29.
Vetted by:
Ross Scaife ✝ (added note on city, added link, raised status) on 16 July 2000@21:05:54.
David Whitehead (added keyword; cosmetics) on 27 May 2001@08:53:23.
Catharine Roth (augmented note, added bibliography) on 26 May 2008@19:30:30.
David Whitehead (augmented n.1; more keywords; cosmetics) on 27 May 2008@03:10:56.
David Whitehead (x-ref) on 12 February 2013@05:31:08.
Catharine Roth (deleted link) on 8 September 2013@23:46:23.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 2 August 2014@07:03:53.
David Whitehead (further expansion of n.1) on 9 September 2014@04:15:26.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 9 September 2014@09:36:27.


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