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Headword: *katwka/ra
Adler number: kappa,1109
Translated headword: head downwards
Vetting Status: high
Attic [speakers] read it under one [word]. Aristophanes [writes]: "if it were to be hung from its feet head downwards".[1] Meaning kata\ kefalh=s ["down upon the head"]. To fall on [one's] head is said "head downwards" amongst Attic [speakers], not separately, but as one [word]. Pindar [writes]: "they bind them head downwards with chains."[2]
Agathias [writes]: "enduring from face down and falling head downwards to the sea, they died."[3]
And Aristophanes [writes]: "it would graze after throwing me head downwards".[4] Speaking about the dung-beetle.[5]
Greek Original:
*katwka/ra: oi( *)attikoi\ u(f' e(\n a)naginw/skousin. *)aristofa/nhs: ei)/per e)k podw=n katwka/ra kre/maito. a)nti\ tou= kata\ kefalh=s. to\ e)pi\ kefalh\n pesei=n katwka/ra le/getai para\ *)attikoi=s, ou) dih|rhme/nws, a)ll' u(f' e(/n. *pi/ndaros: oi( me\n katwka/ra desmoi=si de/dentai. *)agaqi/as: oi( de\ e)k tou= pranou=s u(pofero/menoi kai\ e)s th\n qa/lattan katwka/ra e)mpi/ptontes a)pw/llunto. kai\ *)aristofa/nhs: katwka/ra r(i/yas me boukolh/setai. peri\ kanqa/rou le/gwn.
[1] Aristophanes, Acharnians 945, with scholion.
[2] Pindar fr.161.
[3] Agathias, Histories 42.5 (2.2 Niebuhr); cf. rho 217.
[4] Aristophanes, Peace 153.
[5] cf. kappa 310.
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; historiography; history; poetry; zoology
Translated by: Mage Macchione on 24 March 2008@09:11:42.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 24 March 2008@09:22:17.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 5 October 2010@01:49:08.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 11 February 2013@06:37:21.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 11 July 2015@14:49:03.


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