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Headword: Ἱλάριος
Adler number: iota,291
Translated headword: Hilarios, Hilarius
Vetting Status: high
[Hilarius] of Antioch, the city in Syria,[1] who held first place in the Council. He was affable by nature and in addition acute in speech and well-furnished with all kinds of books; nevertheless he had been a late learner in philosophical discourse. For as he had been required to devote his life to the public affairs of his fatherland, he had no leisure for philosophy. And in his youth he had a character resistant to self-control; so this also gave him much disinclination to the better life. But chance and opportunity came [to make him] wiser in this respect, when his dissolute youth had passed. For a certain misfortune occurred in the household, which turned out to be good fortune in a truer sense. For his wife had been caught having been corrupted by one of his friends. The seducer had become a rhetor by profession; Moschus was his name. Having obtained some goodwill and affability from Hilarius, he was revealed as unjust to his benefactor, for he was caught in adultery with his wife. But [Hilarius], not at all disturbed by the event, did a deed demonstrating manliness and good sense. For when he caught the man, he yielded his wife to him and resigned his own rank on condition that that man serve on the Council according to the law. But he himself, for he had lived a childless life with his wife, leaving his fatherland transferred his life to the philosophers, moving to Caria and Lydia. When he arrived at Athens he wanted to become a disciple of Proclus[2] and attend his philosophical lectures. But as Proclus did not tolerate his wantonnness, having heard that he had come with his concubines and the life-style to which he was still accustomed, Hilarius departed from Athens and followed a different form of advantage more moderate than [the way] taught by Proclus.
Greek Original:
Ἱλάριος, Ἀντιοχεύς, τῆς ἐν Συρίᾳ πόλεως, ἐν τῷ βουλευτηρίῳ τὰ πρωτεῖα φέρων: ἐπιεικὴς δὲ τὴν φύσιν ὢν καὶ φιλομαθὴς καὶ προσέτι ὀξὺς ἐν τοῖς λόγοις καὶ βιβλίων παντοδαπῶν εὐπορώτατος, ὅμως ὀψιμαθὴς ἐγεγόνει λόγων φιλοσόφων. πολιτεύεσθαι γὰρ ἀναγκαζόμενος τὰ κοινὰ πολιτεύματα τῆς πατρίδος οὐδεμίαν εἶχε σχολὴν πρὸς φιλοσοφίαν. ἐνῆν δὲ αὐτῷ δυσάγωγον ἦθος ἐν τῇ νεότητι πρὸς σωφροσύνην: ὥστε καὶ τοῦτο πολλὴν ἀσχολίαν παρείχετό οἱ πρὸς καλλίω βίον. ἀλλὰ γὰρ ἡ τύχη σοφώτερον τούτῳ κατέστη καὶ ὁ καιρός, ἅμα παρηκούσης ἤδη τῆς ἀκρατοῦς ἡλικίας. ἀτύχημα γάρ τι συνέβη κατὰ τὸν οἶκον, ὅπερ εὐτύχημα ἀπέβη κατὰ τὸ ἀληθέστερον: ἡ γὰρ γυνὴ αὐτοῦ τῶν οἰκείων τινὶ συμφθειρομένη κατείληπτο. ὁ οὖν οἰκοφθόρος τὸ ἐπιτήδευμα ῥήτωρ ἐγεγόνει, Μόσχος δὲ ὄνομα. τυγχάνων δὲ τοῦ Ἱλαρίου τινὸς εὐνοίας καὶ οἰκειότητος ἄδικος ἐφάνη περὶ τὸν εὐεργέτην: ἑάλω γὰρ συνὼν τῇ γυναικί. καὶ ὃς οὐδὲν ταραχθεὶς ἐπὶ τῇ συμφορᾷ πρᾶγμα ἐποίησεν ἀνδρείας τε καὶ φρονήσεως ἐχόμενον. τὸν γὰρ ἄνδρα παραλαβὼν ἐξέστη μὲν αὐτῷ τῆς γυναικός, ἐξέστη δὲ τοῦ σφετέρου κλήρου, ἐφ' ᾧ τε κατὰ τὸν νόμον ἐκεῖνον βουλεύειν: αὐτὸς δέ, καὶ γὰρ ἄπαιδα βίον τῇ γυναικὶ συμβεβίωκεν, ἀπολιπὼν τὴν πατρίδα μετεσκευάσατο τὸν βίον πρὸς τοὺς φιλοσόφους, εἰς Καρίαν τε καὶ Λυδίαν μεταναστάς. Ἀθήναζε γὰρ ἀφικόμενος ἠβούλετο τοῦ Πρόκλου ἀκροάσασθαι καὶ λόγων φιλοσόφων. ὡς δὲ οὐκ ἤνεγκεν αὐτοῦ τὴν τρυφὴν ὁ Πρόκλος, ἀκηκοὼς αὐτὸν ἐληλυθέναι μετὰ τῶν παλλακίδων καὶ τῆς συνήθους ἔτι ἐκδιαιτήσεως, ἀναχωρήσας Ἀθήνηθεν ὁ Ἱλάριος ἄλλον μετεδίωκε τρόπον ὠφελείας τὸν συμμετρότερον ἢ κατὰ τὸν Πρόκλειον.
Damascius, Life of Isidore fr. 222 Zintzen, 266 Asmus, 91A Athanassiadi; cf. Photius Bibliotheca 351a 10f.
[1] The qualifier distinguishes this well-known Antioch from its several homonyms.
[2] On Proclus, see pi 2473.
Keywords: biography; children; definition; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; philosophy; politics; rhetoric; women
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 8 April 2006@17:47:22.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 10 April 2006@03:37:01.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation with help from Athanassiadi's version, augmented note) on 13 December 2006@15:24:01.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 10 January 2013@09:21:32.


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