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Headword: Ἰηοῦ
Adler number: iota,222
Translated headword: Ieou, Jehu
Vetting Status: high
[Jehu,] king of Samaria; [it was he] who killed Jezebel[1] and the sons of Ahab in accordance with the word of Elijah the prophet.[2] He collected all the multitude of the people and said with malice, "Ahab served Baal[3] a little, but Jehu will serve him a great deal. And now call the prophets and priests of Baal to me, so that I may have a great sacrifice to Baal. Anyone who stays away will not live." When all had assembled and he had approached the idol face to face, he said, "Inquire if there is any servant of the Lord," and when none was found, he killed everyone and burned Baal. But he did not continue to go in the law of the Lord till his end.
Greek Original:
Ἰηοῦ, βασιλεὺς Σαμαρείας: ὃς ἀνεῖλεν Ἰεζάβελ καὶ τοὺς υἱοὺς Ἀχαὰβ κατὰ τὸ ῥῆμα Ἠλιοῦ τοῦ προφήτου. ὃς συναθροίσας πᾶν τὸ πλῆθος τοῦ λαοῦ ἔφη μετὰ πανουργίας: Ἀχαὰβ μὲν ἐδούλευσε τῷ Βάαλ ὀλίγα, Ἰηοῦ δὲ πολλὰ δουλεύσει αὐτῷ. καὶ νῦν πάντας καλέσατε πρός με τοὺς προφήτας καὶ ἱερεῖς τοῦ Βάαλ, ὅτι μεγάλη μοι θυσία τῷ Βάαλ. πᾶς γάρ, ὃς ἂν ἀπολείψῃ, οὐ ζήσεται. συναθροισθέντες οὖν ἅπαντες, καὶ τοῦ εἰδωλείου πλησθέντος στόμα πρὸς στόμα, ἔφη: ἐρευνήσατε, εἰ ἔστι τῶν δούλων κυρίου τις. καὶ μὴ εὑρεθέντος, ἀνέκτεινε πάντας καὶ τὸν Βάαλ ἐνέπρησε. πλὴν οὐκ ἐφύλαξεν εἰς τέλος πορεύεσθαι ἐν νόμῳ κυρίου.
cf. iota 501. (The present entry is out of alphabetical order.)
Jehu was king of Israel ca. 842-815 BCE. Although his reign and his slaughter of the wife and children of Ahab is recorded in 4 Kingdoms, chapters 9 and 10, the Suda follows George the Monk, Chronicon 260.7-20.
Jehu is the first Old Testament figure to appear in art, for the Black Obelisk of the Assyrian King Shalmaneser III, ca. 827 BCE, (web addresses 1 and 2 below) shows him in the center of the second panel from the top, groveling at the feet of the Assyrian monarch. He is also the archetypal wild driver: 4 Kingdoms 9:20 (web address 3).
[1] iota 144, iota 145.
[2] eta 244.
[3] beta 1, beta 24.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: art history; biography; ethics; geography; historiography; history; law; religion; women
Translated by: Oliver Phillips ✝ on 14 May 2001@16:48:45.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, added keyword) on 21 October 2002@20:09:37.
David Whitehead (restorative cosmetics) on 22 October 2002@03:07:11.
David Whitehead (tweaked translation; another keyword) on 13 November 2005@04:47:31.
David Whitehead (more x-refs and keywords; cosmetics) on 10 January 2013@04:54:45.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, modified link 1) on 22 June 2013@00:26:59.
Catharine Roth (added another link) on 22 June 2013@00:29:57.
David Whitehead (another note) on 28 January 2014@03:52:55.


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