Suda On Line menu Search

Search results for gamma,473 in Adler number:
Greek display:    

Headword: Γύγου δακτύλιος
Adler number: gamma,473
Translated headword: Gyges' ring
Vetting Status: high
[sc. A proverbial phrase] in reference to resourceful and villainous men. For Gyges was a cowherd who after an earthquake found a corpse which was wearing a ring, and stripped it off. The nature of the ring was such that, by twists of the bezel,[1] one would be [first] seen and [then] unseen. By means of this Gyges killed his predecessor and ruled as king.
Greek Original:
Γύγου δακτύλιος: ἐπὶ τῶν πολυμηχάνων καὶ πανούργων. Γύγης γὰρ βουκόλος ὢν, τῆς γῆς ὑπὸ σεισμοῦ ῥαγείσης, νεκρὸν εὑρὼν φοροῦντα δακτύλιον τοῦτον περιεῖλεν. ὁ δὲ εἶχε φύσιν ὥστε κατὰ τὰς στροφὰς τῆς σφενδόνης ὁρᾶσθαι καὶ μή. δι' αὐτοῦ κτείνας τὸν πρὸ αὐτοῦ ἐβασίλευσεν.
The usual story of how Gyges (gamma 472) killed Kandaules and became king of Lydia in c.680 BCE is radically different (see Herodotus 1.8-14, at web address 1); the version here summarizes Plato, Republic 359C-360B (web address 2).
[1] For the noun σφενδόνη in this sense, the ring part itself, see LSJ s.v., II.3; and cf. sigma 1726.
A. Laird, "Ringing the changes on Gyges: philosophy and the formation of fiction in Plato's Republic", Journal of Hellenic Studies 121 (2001) 12-29
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: aetiology; biography; daily life; ethics; geography; historiography; history; philosophy; proverbs
Translated by: David Whitehead on 3 August 2001@09:01:17.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added links) on 4 August 2001@21:47:59.
David Whitehead (added bibliography) on 27 November 2001@06:08:02.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 19 October 2003@07:30:28.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 24 January 2005@14:38:31.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 25 January 2005@02:54:07.
David Whitehead on 11 June 2012@09:57:06.
Catharine Roth (upgraded links) on 20 October 2012@01:11:30.
David Whitehead on 30 September 2015@03:19:50.


Test Database Real Database

(Try these tips for more productive searches.)

No. of records found: 1    Page 1

End of search