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Headword: Ἐλλώβια
Adler number: epsilon,885
Translated headword: lobe-ornaments
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] earrings,[1] [so named] from the fact that they go on the lobes of the ears.[2]
"Trajan said to the son of Abgar, 'I find fault with you, because you did not come to me previously to join in my campaigns and take part in my suffering, and for this reason I would gladly rip off one of those lobe-ornaments of yours'; and at the same time he grabbed hold of one of his ears. Both his ears were pierced and gold earrings hung from both."[3]
Greek Original:
Ἐλλώβια: τὰ ἐνώτια, διὰ τὸ ἐν τοῖς λωβοῖς τῶν ὤτων εἶναι. ὁ δὲ Τραιανὸς λέγει τῷ Αὐγάρου παιδί: μέμφομαί σε, ὅτι μὴ πρόσθεν ἧκες παρ' ἐμὲ συστρατεύσων καὶ τῶν πόνων συμμετασχών, καὶ ἐπὶ τῷδε ἂν ἡδέως τῶν ἐλλωβίων τούτων τὸ ἕτερόν σου ἀποσπάσαιμι: ἐφαψάμενος ἅμα τοῦ ὠτὸς τοῦ ἑτέρου. τῷ δὲ ἦν ἄμφω τὰ ὦτα τετρημένα καὶ ἐξ ἀμφοῖν χρυσᾶ ἐνώτια ἐξηρτημένα.
For the headword (and its manifestations within the body of the entry), Adler prints the reading of mss IT, with omega as the second syllable (ἐλλωβ- ). Other manuscripts, and other attestations of the word in other writers, are consistent in making that vowel an omicron (ἐλλοβ- ); cf. even lambda 634. Perhaps the lexicographer, or the scribes of IT, were influenced by words related to λώβη ('abuse'), of which the very next entry serves as an example (epsilon 886).
[1] Up to this point, similar glosses are found in Hesychius epsilon2161, Etymologicum Gudianum 459.16, Lexica Segueriana 216.21 Bachmann. For earrings see epsilon 1419.
[2] Similar etymological explanations are found in Aelius Dionysius epsilon33, Etymologicum Magnum 332.39. Less similar are the scholia (46.7-10, 22.29 and 52.7) to various passages of Lucian where the headword occurs.
[3] Ascribed to Arrian (Parthika fr. 46 Roos). For Abgar cf. alpha 4409.
Keywords: art history; biography; clothing; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; history; medicine; military affairs; trade and manufacture
Translated by: William Hutton on 12 February 2007@07:16:50.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more x-refs; tweaks and cosmetics) on 12 February 2007@09:13:07.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 14 August 2012@09:07:56.


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