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Headword: Ἑκαταῖος
Adler number: epsilon,360
Translated headword: Hekataios, Hecataeus
Vetting Status: high
Son of Hegesandros; a Milesian. Born in the time of Dareios -- the king who ruled after Kambyses, when Dionysios of Miletos also lived -- in the sixty-fifth Olympiad.[1] Historian. Herodotos of Halikarnassos is indebted to him, being more recent; for he was born after him.[2] And Hekataios was a pupil of Protagoras.[3] He was the first to express history in prose, whereas Pherekydes [wrote the first prose] composition [sc. of any sort].[4] For the [works] of Agesilaos are spurious.[5]
Greek Original:
Ἑκαταῖος, Ἡγησάνδρου, Μιλήσιος, γέγονε κατὰ τοὺς Δαρείου χρόνους τοῦ μετὰ Καμβύσην βασιλεύσαντος, ὅτε καὶ Διονύσιος ἦν ὁ Μιλήσιος, ἐπὶ τῆς ξε# Ὀλυμπιάδος: ἱστοριογράφος. Ἡρόδοτος δὲ ὁ Ἁλικαρνασεὺς ὠφέληται τούτου νεώτερος ὤν: γέγονε γὰρ μετ' αὐτόν. καὶ ἦν ἀκουστὴς Πρωταγόρου ὁ Ἑκαταῖος. πρῶτος δὲ ἱστορίαν πεζῶς ἐξήνεγκε, συγγραφὴν δὲ Φερεκύδης: τὰ γὰρ Ἀγησιλάου νοθεύεται.
OCD(4) 649 'Hecataeus(1)'; FGrH 1 T1; Perseus Encyclopedia entry at web address 1, with links to Herodotus and Pausanias.
[1] 520-516 BCE. For this Dionysios see delta 1180.
[2] This explanatory phrase is lacking, Adler reports in mss VM.
[3] A chronological impossibility, since Protagoras lived c.490-420 (pi 2958). Perhaps Hekataios is being confused here with Hellanikos (as is the case in epsilon 738), or with Hekataios of Abdera (epsilon 359); alternatively, emend 'Protagoras' to Pythagoras (cf. Adler's apparatus); but see the comments of Jacoby FGrH ad loc.
[4] cf. phi 214.
[5] Taken to be a mistake, both here and elsewhere (iota 697, sigma 1284), for "Akousilaos" (FGrH 2; alpha 942).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; chronology; geography; historiography; philosophy
Translated by: William Hutton on 20 February 2001@17:41:12.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; added bibliography; cosmetics) on 21 February 2001@04:50:39.
Catharine Roth (Added link.) on 21 February 2001@10:36:08.
David Whitehead (more x-refs; tweaks and cosmetics) on 31 July 2012@07:21:27.
David Whitehead (expanded n.3) on 31 July 2012@08:12:56.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 3 August 2014@07:37:08.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 7 December 2015@09:11:35.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 28 January 2016@01:04:27.


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