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Headword: Εὐνόμιος
Adler number: epsilon,3598
Translated headword: Eunomios, Eunomius [of Cyzicus]
Vetting Status: high
This man was appointed bishop to Cyzicus in the reign of the emperor Valens.[1] This man "became secretary to Aetius[2] who was nicknamed the Atheist. Keeping company with him he emulated his sophistical style. He did not perceive that he was playing with clever expressions and making sophisms for himself. Puffed up by this he fell into blasphemy, imitating the teaching of Arius. In many respects he fought against the teachings of the truth, although he was poorly educated in sacred letters and could not even understand them, yet was copious in expression and kept continually repeating the same things without being able to attain the goal which he set himself. This is demonstrated by the 7 volumes on which he labored in vain concerning the Epistles to the Romans, for spending many treatises on them he was not able to catch the purpose of the Epistle.[3] His other treatises also rival them, containing a poverty of ideas in abundance of words."
Greek Original:
Εὐνόμιος: οὗτος εἰς Κύζικον προβάλλεται ἐπίσκοπος ἐπὶ Οὐάλεντος τοῦ βασιλέως. ὑπογραφεὺς δὲ οὗτος γέγονεν Ἀετίου, τοῦ ἐπικληθέντος Ἀθέου. συνὼν δὲ αὐτῷ τὸν ἐκείνου σοφιστικὸν τρόπον ἐζήλωσε, λεξειδίοις τε σχολάζων καὶ ποιῶν ἑαυτῷ σοφίσματα οὐκ ᾐσθάνετο. ἐκ τούτων τυφωθεὶς εἰς βλασφημίαν ἐξέπεσε τὸ Ἀρείου δόγμα ζηλῶν, κατὰ πολλὰ δὲ τοῖς τῆς ἀληθείας δόγμασι πολεμῶν, ὀλιγομαθῶς μὲν ἔχων πρὸς τὰ ἱερὰ γράμματα καὶ μηδὲ συνιέναι αὐτὰ δυνάμενος, πολύχους δὲ τὴν λέξιν καὶ τὰ αὐτὰ περιστρέφων ἀεὶ καὶ μὴ δυνάμενος περιγενέσθαι τοῦ προτεθέντος σκοποῦ: ὡς δεικνύουσιν οἱ ζ# τόμοι, οὓς ἐματαιοπόνησεν εἰς τὰς πρὸς Ῥωμαίους ἐπιστολάς. πολλοὺς γὰρ λόγους ἐς αὐτὰς ἀναλώσας τῆς ἐπιστολῆς τὸν σκοπὸν ἑλεῖν οὐ δεδύνηται. ἐφάμιλλοι δὲ αὐτοῦ καὶ οἱ ἄλλοι λόγοι τυγχάνουσιν, ἐν πολυλεξίᾳ ἔχοντες νοημάτων εὐτέλειαν.
The entry follows Socrates, Historia Ecclesiastica 4.7 (but see n. 3 below), with a version of its final phrase placed first and the chronological fix to the reign of Valens added.
Eunomius was a leader of the Arian party in the 4th century, asserting that only the Father could be called Ungenerated. They regarded the Son as unlike the Father, whence they were known as Anomoeans. Eunomius was the subject of attacks by Gregory of Nazianzus (gamma 450), Basil of Caesarea (beta 150), Gregory of Nyssa (gamma 451; see translation at web address 1), and other Church Fathers. Recent publications by Richard Vaggione attempt to allow Eunomius to speak for himself (see bibliography). For encyclopedia entries on Eunomius and the Eunomians, see web addresses 2 and 3.
[1] 364-378. But Philostorgius places the beginning of Eunomius' episcopate during the reign of Constantius: see Vaggione (who brought this fact to my attention), Eunomius of Cyzicus and the Nicene Revolution, pp. 292-4.
[2] alpha 571.
[3] The confusion between plural and singular here, and again in pi 2019 (q.v.), is the Suda's own; Socrates had (rightly) used the singular throughout this sentence.
Eunomius, The Extant Works, edited and translated by Richard Paul Vaggione. Oxford: Clarendon Press 1987
Richard Vaggione, Eunomius of Cyzicus and the Nicene Revolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: biography; Christianity; chronology; ethics; geography; historiography; history; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 12 March 2002@18:17:35.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (restorative and other cosmetics) on 30 August 2002@09:10:03.
Catharine Roth (added italics) on 25 November 2004@00:27:04.
Catharine Roth (updated link 1) on 24 June 2005@00:33:47.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 3 October 2005@07:34:34.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 7 November 2012@09:28:53.
David Whitehead (coding in tr; expanded and rearranged notes; another keyword) on 9 March 2016@05:48:32.
Catharine Roth (reduced and reordered links) on 9 March 2016@16:02:42.
David Whitehead (note tweak) on 10 March 2016@03:13:19.
Catharine Roth (replaced link) on 16 February 2018@16:38:41.


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