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Headword: Εὔμολπος
Adler number: epsilon,3585
Translated headword: Eumolpus, Eumolpos
Vetting Status: high
[He was an] Eleusinian, that is to say Athenian,[1] [he was] son of Musaeus the poet,[2] and according to some, a pupil of Orpheus[3] and an epic poet among those before Homer.[4] He was also a winner in the Pythian games; for the poets competed [sc. there] in the lyre. This man wrote [poems about] the mystic rites of Demeter and her arrival to Celeus, and the transmission of the mysteries to his daughters,[5] in three thousand verses altogether. [He also wrote] On Cheiromancy[6] in prose, one book.
Greek Original:
Εὔμολπος, Ἐλευσίνιος ἤτοι Ἀθηναῖος, υἱὸς Μουσαίου τοῦ ποιητοῦ, ὡς δέ τινες μαθητὴς Ὀρφέως, ἐποποιὸς τῶν πρὸ Ὁμήρου. γέγονε δὲ καὶ Πυθιονίκης: πρὸς λύραν γὰρ ἐπεδείκνυντο οἱ ποιηταί. οὗτος ἔγραψε τελετὰς Δήμητρος καὶ τὴν εἰς Κελεὸν ἄφιξιν καὶ τὴν τῶν μυστηρίων παράδοσιν, τὴν ταῖς θυγατράσιν αὐτοῦ γενομένην, ἔπη τὰ πάντα τρισχίλια. Χειροσκοπικὰ πεζῶς, βιβλίον α#.
See also epsilon 3584, pi 1465, and Kevin Clinton in OCD(4) s.v. Not to be confused with Eumolpus the son of Poseidon (beta 357, delta 1395). See Etymologicum Magnum s.v. Εὐμολπίδαι , according to which Eumolpus was the founder of the Eleusinian mysteries. Also Photius and Hesychius s.v. Εὐμολπίδαι , which mention that there were several persons by the name of Eumolpus (cf. scholia to Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus 1053). Other works attributed to Eumolpus are Βακχικὰ ἔπη , bacchic stories (Diodorus Siculus and Νόστοι τῶν Ἑλλήνων , home-comings of the Greeks (scholia to Pindar, Olympian 13.31a.2).
[1] Eleusis, originally an independent community in western Attica, was later (by c.700 BCE) subsumed into the emerging polis of Athens.
[2] mu 1294. Ιn other traditions (Diogenes Laertius 1.3.3-12 and Greek Anthology 7.615) Musaeus is Eumolpus’ son.
[3] See the seven entries under Ὀρφεύς : omicron 654, omicron 655, omicron 656, omicron 657, omicron 658, omicron 659 and omicron 660.
[4] omicron 251.
[5] This myth, related to the abduction of Persephone, is found in the Homeric Hymn to Demeter (and Apollodorus 1.29-32). Celeus, ruler of Eleusis in the Hymn, accepts the disguised Demeter as a nurse for his son Demophon.
[6] For this genre cf. alpha 4025, epsilon 790, chi 258, chi 259.
Keywords: athletics; biography; chronology; epic; geography; meter and music; mythology; poetry; religion; women
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 3 June 2007@18:20:02.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 4 June 2007@04:15:05.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticules) on 4 June 2007@11:21:30.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 7 November 2012@08:47:24.
David Whitehead on 3 August 2014@08:48:28.
David Whitehead (typo and other cosmetics) on 9 March 2016@03:30:07.
Catharine Roth (Greek typos) on 14 February 2018@02:32:50.


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