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Headword: *eu)/molpos
Adler number: epsilon,3585
Translated headword: Eumolpus, Eumolpos
Vetting Status: high
[He was an] Eleusinian, that is to say Athenian,[1] [he was] son of Musaeus the poet,[2] and according to some, a pupil of Orpheus[3] and an epic poet among those before Homer.[4] He was also a winner in the Pythian games; for the poets competed [sc. there] in the lyre. This man wrote [poems about] the mystic rites of Demeter and her arrival to Celeus, and the transmission of the mysteries to his daughters,[5] in three thousand verses altogether. [He also wrote] On Cheiromancy[6] in prose, one book.
Greek Original:
*eu)/molpos, *)eleusi/nios h)/toi *)aqhnai=os, ui(o\s *mousai/ou tou= poihtou=, w(s de/ tines maqhth\s *)orfe/ws, e)popoio\s tw=n pro\ *(omh/rou. ge/gone de\ kai\ *puqioni/khs: pro\s lu/ran ga\r e)pedei/knunto oi( poihtai/. ou(=tos e)/graye teleta\s *dh/mhtros kai\ th\n ei)s *keleo\n a)/ficin kai\ th\n tw=n musthri/wn para/dosin, th\n tai=s qugatra/sin au)tou= genome/nhn, e)/ph ta\ pa/nta trisxi/lia. *xeiroskopika\ pezw=s, bibli/on a#.
See also epsilon 3584, pi 1465, and Kevin Clinton in OCD(4) s.v. Not to be confused with Eumolpus the son of Poseidon (beta 357, delta 1395). See Etymologicum Magnum s.v. *eu)molpi/dai, according to which Eumolpus was the founder of the Eleusinian mysteries. Also Photius and Hesychius s.v. *eu)molpi/dai, which mention that there were several persons by the name of Eumolpus (cf. scholia to Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus 1053). Other works attributed to Eumolpus are *bakxika\ e)/ph, bacchic stories (Diodorus Siculus and *no/stoi tw=n *(ellh/nwn, home-comings of the Greeks (scholia to Pindar, Olympian 13.31a.2).
[1] Eleusis, originally an independent community in western Attica, was later (by c.700 BCE) subsumed into the emerging polis of Athens.
[2] mu 1294. Ιn other traditions (Diogenes Laertius 1.3.3-12 and Greek Anthology 7.615) Musaeus is Eumolpus’ son.
[3] See the seven entries under *)orfeu/s: omicron 654, omicron 655, omicron 656, omicron 657, omicron 658, omicron 659 and omicron 660.
[4] omicron 251.
[5] This myth, related to the abduction of Persephone, is found in the Homeric Hymn to Demeter (and Apollodorus 1.29-32). Celeus, ruler of Eleusis in the Hymn, accepts the disguised Demeter as a nurse for his son Demophon.
[6] For this genre cf. alpha 4025, epsilon 790, chi 258, chi 259.
Keywords: athletics; biography; chronology; epic; geography; meter and music; mythology; poetry; religion; women
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 3 June 2007@18:20:02.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 4 June 2007@04:15:05.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticules) on 4 June 2007@11:21:30.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 7 November 2012@08:47:24.
David Whitehead on 3 August 2014@08:48:28.
David Whitehead (typo and other cosmetics) on 9 March 2016@03:30:07.
Catharine Roth (Greek typos) on 14 February 2018@02:32:50.


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