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Headword: *)/esxe
Adler number: epsilon,3257
Translated headword: held
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning he/she/it] put a stop to.[1]
Thucydides [writes]: "the triremes sailing into Egypt held alongside the Mendesian arm [sc. of the Nile]."[2]
Also Aelian: "for they did not hold [it within themselves] to refuse the order."[3] Meaning they were unable [to do so].
Greek Original:
*)/esxe: kate/pause. *qoukudi/dhs: ai( de\ trih/reis ple/ousai ei)s *ai)/gupton e)/sxon kata\ to\ *mendh/sion ke/ras. kai\ *ai)liano/s: ou) ga\r e)/sxon a)nh/nasqai to\ pro/stagma. a)nti\ tou= h)dunh/qhsan.
[1] = Synagoge epsilon882; Photius, Lexicon epsilon2051. Evidently quoted from somewhere, the headword -- aorist indicative active, third person singular, of e)/xw -- is glossed here with a verb that is, strictly speaking, transitive, and which has a sense that the headword can indeed possess ('held' in the sense of 'checked', 'prevented'). The Suda then adds, however, two quotations that illustrate different, intransitive uses of the headword verb.
[2] Thucydides 1.110.4 (web address 1). Here the verb is intransitive (in the sense of 'held their position' or, in naval terms, 'put in')
[3] Aelian fr. 47 Hercher (50f Domingo-Forasté), quoted more fully at alpha 2417. Here the verb appears in a common idiom e)/xw + infinitive, meaning 'have [it in one's self] to...' or, more idiomatically in English 'be able to...'.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; geography; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: William Hutton on 3 February 2008@08:42:00.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (typos; other tweaks and cosmetics) on 3 February 2008@09:21:38.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 2 November 2012@07:05:12.
David Whitehead (coding and other cosmetics) on 19 February 2016@03:29:08.


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