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Headword: Ἐθελοκάκως
Adler number: epsilon,304
Translated headword: wilfully doing wrong
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] intentionally choosing evil.[1]
Appian [writes]: "the army was unwilling to obey the general because of a grudge. They intentionally fought badly and fled, bandaging their bodies as if they had been wounded. They destroyed their tents and tried to retreat, accusing the general of inexperience."[2]
And elsewhere: "[they were] intentionally doing harm to him for many reasons."[3]
Greek Original:
Ἐθελοκάκως: ἑκουσίως τὸ κακὸν ἐκλεγομένων. Ἀππιανός: τῷ δὲ στρατηγῷ στρατὸς ἦν δυσπειθὴς ὑπὸ μνησικακίας, ἐθελοκάκως τε ἠγωνίζοντο καὶ ἔφευγον ἐπιδησάμενοι τὰ σώματα ὡς τετρωμένοι καὶ τὰς σκηνὰς διέλυον καὶ ἀναχωρεῖν ἐπεχείρουν ἀπειρίαν ἐπικαλοῦντες τῷ στρατηγῷ. καὶ αὖθις: ἐθελοκακοῦντες αὐτῷ διὰ πλείους αἰτίας.
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica. (The final participle in the glossing phrase is, variously, this genitive plural ἐκλεγομένων or ἐκλελεγμένον .) The headword, an adverbial form of ἐθελόκακος , must be quoted from somewhere -- perhaps (though not necessarily) the first passage which follows here; cf. generally epsilon 302, epsilon 303.
[2] Appian, Italica 7.
[3] Once attributed to Menander Protector (fr.68 FHG, 4.269) and connected with alphaiota 322; Blockley, however, does not accept the present passage as an authentic fragment of Menander. For the verb cf. epsilon 302.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 19 December 2005@22:24:03.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented n.1 and keywords; cosmetics) on 20 December 2005@03:29:16.
David Whitehead (updated n.3) on 3 January 2012@06:31:00.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 30 July 2012@10:05:58.
David Whitehead (tweaked a note) on 7 December 2015@04:52:39.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 13 December 2015@17:53:29.


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