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Headword: *(erkei=os *zeu/s
Adler number: epsilon,3015
Translated headword: Zeus Herkeios
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning Zeus] for whom altars are set up in the courtyard inside a fence [herkos]; for they used to call the enclosure-wall a e(/rkos. Those who had a Zeus Herkeios had a share in the constitution.[1]
A e(rki/on [was] the enclosure-wall of the courtyard, or the roof of the house; for the house [is called] e(rki/on. Sophocles [writes]: "before, bound to the pillar of the house-roof, [...] first having his back bloodied with a lash, he dies."[2]
Also [sc. attested is] e(/rkios, [meaning] a protector, a guard.[3]
Greek Original:
*(erkei=os *zeu/s: w(=| bwmoi\ e)nto\s e(/rkous e)n th=| au)lh=| i(/druntai: to\n ga\r peri/bolon e(/rkos e)/legon. meth=n de\ th=s politei/as, oi(=s ei)/h *zeu\s *(erkei=os. *(erki/on de\ to\ peri/fragma th=s au)lh=s, h)\ h( tou= dw/matos ste/gh: e(rki/on ga\r to\ dw=ma. *sofoklh=s: pri\n a)\n deqei\s pro\s ki/on' e(rki/ou ste/ghs, ma/stigi prw=ton nw=ta foinixqei\s qa/nh|. kai\ *(/erkios, o( sunoxeu/s, o( fu/lac.
See also under chi 613.
[1] i.e. citizen rights (in sc. Athens). This first part of the entry is abridged from Harpokration s.v.: it quotes, and commentates on, the occurrence of the headword phrase in Dinarchus fr. XXII.2 Conomis, and cites both Hyperides (fr. 94 Jensen) and Demetrius of Phaleron (FGrH 228 F6 = fr. 139 Wehrli) for the constitutional point. See also Photius and, post-Suda, the Etymologicum Magnum; and epsilon 3017.
[2] Sophocles, Ajax 108 and 110 (web address 1), with scholion. Modern editors emend to e(rkei/ou.
[3] cf. epsilon 3016.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: architecture; constitution; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; historiography; law; politics; religion; rhetoric; tragedy
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 31 December 2007@18:41:15.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 1 January 2008@03:56:41.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 1 January 2008@04:38:55.
David Whitehead on 8 July 2011@04:02:44.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 8 July 2011@10:28:54.
David Whitehead on 28 October 2012@06:36:14.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 12 February 2016@04:08:48.


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