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Headword: *)epia/lthn
Adler number: epsilon,2221
Translated headword: nightmare
Vetting Status: high
Homer and Hesiod and the Attic [Greeks] [mean by epialtes] the demon [of that name],[1] but with a phi [they spell the name of] the man Ephialtes.[2] And [sc. note also] that which is called ague.[3]
Greek Original:
*)epia/lthn: *(/omhros kai\ *(hsi/odos kai\ oi( *)attikoi\ to\n dai/mona, dia\ de\ tou= f to\n a)/ndra *)efia/lthn. kai\ to\ r(igopu/retos lego/menon.
Same entry in the derivative ps.-Zonaras, including the last sentence (on which see n.3 below); without it, the entry = Photius, Lexicon p1484 Theodoridis. Epic usage in Homer, Iliad 5.385 (web address 1); also Hesiod fr.10. For Ep(h)ialtes and (human) Ephialtes see generally OCD(4) s.v., nos.1-4.
Similar material, variously (and more briefly), in Moeris, Hesychius, and other lexica. Post-Suda, Eustathius cites it as from a rhetorical lexicon: Commentary on the Iliad, 561.16 and Commentary on the Odyssey, 1687.52.
[1] cf. epsilon 3909, iota 765.
[2] For instances see under lambda 272 and omicron 104.
[3] Not directly relevant here, as this affliction is h)pi/alos; see eta 433.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; dreams; epic; medicine; mythology; poetry
Translated by: Bobbiejo Winfrey on 22 July 2003@09:19:44.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (supplied notes; augmented keywords; cosmetics) on 22 July 2003@09:35:40.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 20 November 2005@09:56:37.
Catharine Roth (added cross-references) on 8 June 2006@00:32:14.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation, augmented note, added link, raised status) on 25 October 2007@10:50:15.
David Whitehead on 10 October 2012@06:59:07.
David Whitehead on 29 August 2013@04:19:51.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 3 August 2014@08:07:43.
David Whitehead (reworked and expanded notes, for clarity) on 27 January 2016@04:14:24.


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