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Headword: *)epaktri/a xw/ra
Adler number: epsilon,1936
Translated headword: Epaktrian territory
Vetting Status: high
In ancient times the Athenians lived in villages, but Kekrops[1] brought them together and settled them in 12 tribes; he gave the citizen-body the name Kekropia after himself; two of the four-city units he named from the four cities [concerned], establishing a share for each; the three remaining ones he named epaktrides ['hilly'];[2] and the territory attaching to these three used to be called, homonymously, Epaktrias.
Greek Original:
*)epaktri/a xw/ra: kata\ tou\s palaiou\s xro/nous kwmhdo\n oi)kou=ntas tou\s *)aqhnai/ous o( *ke/kroy sunagagw\n katw/|kisen ei)s fula\s ib# kai\ th\n tw=n politw=n e)pwnumi/an a)f' e(autou= *kekropi/an proshgo/reuse: du/o de\ tetrapo/leis e)ka/lesen e)k tw=n tetta/rwn po/lewn e(kate/ran moi=ran katasth/sas: trei=s de\ ta\s loipa\s e)paktri/das w)no/mase. kai\ h( prosexh\s xw/ra tau/tais tai=s trisi\n o(mwnu/mws au)tai=s *)epaktria\s e)kalei=to.
This material -- also in other lexica -- bears some general resemblance to Strabo 9.1.20, which cites Philochorus FGrH 328 F94 on the twelve ancient poleis of Attica, but there is extra, implausible detail.
[1] For Kekrops see kappa 1271, kappa 1272.
[2] Here as elsewhere in the entry, epaktr- should be epakr-.
Keywords: aetiology; chronology; constitution; definition; geography; historiography; history; mythology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 1 March 2006@05:41:54.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 1 March 2006@10:52:39.
David Whitehead (added a keyword; cosmetics) on 2 March 2006@03:11:43.
David Whitehead on 27 September 2012@06:09:22.


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