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Headword: *dieirwno/cenoi
Adler number: delta,997
Translated headword: falsely-hospitable, guest-dissembling
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] those totally deceiving foreigners and lying by dissimulation and acting. [Said of] the Laconians; among whom also existed the law about expulsion of foreigners.[1] That the Laconians were disgracefully-covetous[2] and small-minded is shown by the oracle 'Love of money shall destroy Sparta, but naught else'.[3] They were also misanthropes regarding foreigners, and it was not permitted to any individual foreigner to set foot in Sparta all the time, but [only] on specified days.
Greek Original:
*dieirwno/cenoi: e)capatw=ntes tou\s ce/nous kai\ yeudo/menoi di' ei)rwnei/as kai\ u(pokri/sews. oi( *la/kwnes: par' oi(=s kai\ o( th=s cenhlasi/as e)/keito no/mos. o(/ti de\ ai)sxrokerdei=s kai\ mikrolo/goi oi( *la/kwnes, dhloi= o( xrhsmo/s: a( filoxrhmati/a *spa/rtan o)lei=, a)/llo de\ ou)de/n. h)=san de\ kai\ peri\ tou\s ce/nous a)pa/nqrwpoi, kai\ ou)k e)co\n ce/nw| tini\ a)ei\ th=s *spa/rths e)pibai/nein, a)ll' w(risme/nais h(me/rais.
The headword, nominative plural, occurs (uniquely) in Aristophanes, Peace 623, and the glossing is from the scholia thereto.
[1] See xi 25.
[2] The word translated here occurs in the same line of Aristophanes; cf. alphaiota 355.
[3] Aristotle fr. 544 Rose (from Zenobius 2.24 and other paroemiographers; see generally Tosi [cited under alpha 378] no.1790).
Keywords: comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; ethics; geography; history; law; proverbs; religion
Translated by: D. Graham J. Shipley on 18 January 2002@03:49:19.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 18 January 2002@07:22:53.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 9 July 2012@08:35:59.
David Whitehead (augmented n.3) on 17 August 2012@05:45:32.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 8 November 2015@07:27:56.
Catharine Roth (cross-reference) on 16 August 2016@11:25:45.


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