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Headword: Δημήτριος
Adler number: delta,431
Translated headword: Demetrios, Demetrius
Vetting Status: high
[Demetrios] the son of Antigonos [I] and Ptolemy [I] agreed that there was a treaty of alliance between them for the liberation for all Greece and for the mutual defense of each others' territory.[1] And there was a competition between them as to which would be more of a hindrance in deed to what had been decided. And the Macedonian leader [sc. Demetrios], without a hint of sluggishness, arrives and casts out the garrison at Mounychia,[2] kills Dionysios who had been selected to lead it, and deposes Demetrios of Phaleron[3] who had reduced the affairs in Athens to an oligarchy; and he allowed [the Athenians] to be independently governed in accordance with their paternal custom, and [allowed] the Athenians and the Megarians to keep whatever was customary for them from their primordial government. But Ptolemy, having displayed an exceptional gentleness of manner and generosity in his deeds, inspired the Greeks to devote themselves even more to the hope of being liberated; especially since the encouraging nature of his words and the things that he did made them take heart, in the belief that what was being done occurred for the clear liberation of the Greeks and not out of a desire for empire. Indeed, he leaves the majority of the Greek cities autonomous and began announcing the Isthmian armistice,[4] encouraging them to make the pilgrimage to Isthmia bearing olive branches as though [they would be gathering] for the purpose of liberation. Setting off from there he sailed to Egypt, having installed Leonidas at the head of the Greek command. He also gained control of all Libya, after Ophellas, the despot of Cyrene, was done away with by a trick at the instigation of Agathocles in Sicily.[5] But the agreement between Ptolemy and Demetrios concerning the accord did not last long.
Greek Original:
Δημήτριος, ὁ Ἀντιγόνου, καὶ Πτολεμαῖος ὡμολόγησαν φιλίαν σφίσιν ἔνσπονδον εἶναι ἐπ' ἐλευθερώσει τῆς πάσης Ἑλλάδος καὶ ἐπὶ τῷ τῇ ἀλλήλων ἐπιμαχεῖν: καὶ ἅμιλλα ἦν αὐτοῖν, πότερος μᾶλλον τὰ δόξαντα ἔργῳ ἐμπεδώσει. καὶ ὁ Μακεδονικὸς ἄρχων οὐ διὰ σχολαιότητος ἀφικνεῖται καὶ τήν τε Μουνυχίασιν οὖσαν φρουρὰν ἐκβάλλει καὶ Διονύσιον, τὸν ἐπιτεταγμένον αὐτῇ, κτείνει καὶ Δημήτριον τὸν Φαληρέα μεθίστησιν, ὃς δὴ τὰ Ἀθήνησιν ἦγεν εἰς ὀλιγαρχίαν, καὶ αὐτονομεῖσθαι, καθότι πάτριον, Ἀθηναίοις τε καὶ Μεγαρεῦσιν ἔδωκεν, φυλάττειν τε ὅσα ἦν σφίσιν ἐκ τῆς εἰς τὸ ἀρχαῖον πολιτείας νόμιμα. ὁ δὲ Πτολεμαῖος ἅτε διαφερόντως τρόπου πραότητα καὶ φιλανθρωπίαν ἔργοις δηλώσας ἐπῆρε τοὺς Ἕλληνας τῇ τοῦ ἐλευθεροῦσθαι ἐλπίδι ἐνδιδόναι σφᾶς ἐπὶ μᾶλλον: ἐπεὶ καὶ τὰ ἐφολκὰ τῶν λόγων καὶ ὧν ἔπραττε, θαρσεῖν ἐποίει, πιστεύοντας ὡς ἐπὶ σαφεῖ τῶν Ἑλλήνων ἐλευθερώσει καὶ οὐκ ἀρχῆς ἐπιθυμίᾳ τὰ πραττόμενα γίγνοιτο. αὐτονόμους τε δὴ τὰς πλείστας τῶν Ἑλληνίδων πόλεων ἀφίησι καὶ τὰς Ἰσθμιάδας σπονδὰς ἐπήγγελλε κελεύων οἷα ἐπ' ἐλευθερώσει θαλλο- φοροῦντας θεωρεῖν εἰς τὰ Ἴσθμια. ἄρας δὲ ἐντεῦθεν ἀπέπλευσεν ἐπ' Αἰγύπτου, Λεωνίδην ἐπὶ τῇ Ἑλληνικῇ ἀρχῇ ἐπιστήσας: καὶ Λιβύης πάσης ἐκράτησεν, Ὀφέλλα τοῦ Κυρηναίου δυνάστου πρὸς Ἀγαθοκλέους κατὰ Σικελίαν ἀναιρεθέντος δόλῳ. διέμεινε δὲ ἄρα οὐκ ἐπὶ πολὺ Πτολεμαίῳ καὶ Δημητρίῳ ἡ ὁμολογία τῆς ξυμβάσεως πέρι.
[1] This treaty of 309 or 308 BCE, mentioned again (as being short-lived) at the end of the entry (and at epsilon 2459), is not otherwise attested; its historicity is nevertheless accepted by (e.g.) H.H.Schmitt (ed.), Staatsvertraege no.433. (The entry's material between these 2 sections on the treaty is unidentifiable.)
[2] i.e. Peiraieus (Athens). Part of this sentence reappears at sigma 1799.
[3] Demetrius (of Phalerum] 27 SOD. [For the abbreviation see under delta 429]
[4] A ritual cessation of hostilities prior to one of the great Panhellenic festivals, in this instance the Isthmia (at Corinth); cf. iota 638. The Isthmian armistice is rarely mentioned, but see Thucydides 8.9.1.
[5] This material reappears at epsilon 2459 and omicron 994 (end).
Keywords: athletics; biography; botany; constitution; ethics; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; politics; religion
Translated by: William Hutton on 16 December 2003@16:06:18.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (supplied notes) on 17 December 2003@05:17:31.
David Mirhady (updated reference) on 2 September 2008@18:20:56.
David Whitehead (augmented n.2; more keywords) on 3 September 2008@03:02:22.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; another keyword) on 26 June 2012@04:26:16.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 27 January 2014@03:37:20.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 25 May 2014@06:55:37.


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