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Headword: Δεισιδαίμων
Adler number: delta,369
Translated headword: god-fearing; superstitious
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] god-revering; or uncertain in one's faith, and in this way fearful.[1]
Also [sc. attested is the related noun] δεισιδαιμονίας ,[2] meaning god-reverence, scrupulousness as regards the divine; or cowardice.
"Seeing that the soldiers were being superstitious because of the omens, he was most eager to alleviate the apprehension of the crowd through his own careful thought and generalship."[2]
Greek Original:
Δεισιδαίμων: θεοσεβής: ἢ ἀμφίβολος περὶ τὴν πίστιν, καὶ οἱονεὶ δεδοικώς. καὶ Δεισιδαιμονίας, ἀντὶ τοῦ θεοσεβείας, εὐλαβείας περὶ τὸ θεῖον: ἢ δειλίας. ὁρῶν δὲ τοὺς στρατιώτας δεισιδαιμονοῦντας ἐπὶ τοῖς σημείοις ἐφιλοτιμεῖτο διὰ τῆς ἰδίας ἐπινοίας καὶ στρατηγίας μεταθεῖναι τὰς τοῦ πλήθους εὐλαβείας.
cf. generally delta 368.
[1] Likewise in other lexica.
[2] Here in the genitive singular (or, less probably, accusative plural), evidently quoted from somewhere.
[3] Diodorus Siculus 15.53.4 (on Epaminondas: epsilon 1949), with a present participle of the related verb.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs; religion
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 19 December 2003@16:08:47.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 21 December 2003@08:12:10.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 8 March 2011@09:32:23.
David Whitehead (expansions to notes) on 21 June 2012@08:41:07.
David Whitehead on 13 October 2015@08:50:58.


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