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Headword: *diw/kein
Adler number: delta,1229
Translated headword: to prosecute, to pursue
Vetting Status: high
[sc. A verb used] in reference to bringing to court and accusing [there][1] and in reference to desiring and yearning for [something];[2] for we say "to pursue excellence". Also in reference to going through [something].[3]
"After the ships had taken to flight, they headed for many places, since some of them sailed away towards the Ionian sea, others elsewhere".[4]
Greek Original:
*diw/kein: e)pi\ tou= a)/gein ei)s kri/sin kai\ kathgorei=n kai\ e)pi\ tou= e)piqumei=n kai\ o)re/gesqai: diw/kein ga/r famen a)reth/n. kai\ e)pi\ tou= dielqei=n. ai( de\ nh=es e)s fugh\n katasta=sai pollou\s metedi/wcan to/pous: ai( me\n ga\r ei)s *)io/nion ko/lpon e)ce/pleusan, ai( de\ a)/llh|.
See also delta 1227 and delta 1228.
[1] See n.1 at delta 1228.
[2] For the meaning of "desire" see delta 1227 and cf. Synagoge delta325. *diw/kein is said of a lover by Sappho, 1 Lobel-Page, 21 ei) de\ mh\ fi/lei, taxe/ws diw/cei kou)k e)qe/loisa; d. kai\ filei=n tina Plato, Theaetetus 168A; Luke 17.23; of an object, see Homer, Iliad 17.75 a)ki/xhta d. "pursue unattainable goals"; Sophocles, Ajax 997 so\n mo/ron "his doom"; Thucydides 2.63 tima/s "honors". The reference to moral values or virtue (cf. Plato, Gorgias 480C to\ a)gaqo\n kai\ kalo/n, 482E a)lh/qeian) is common in New Testament Greek (Romans 9.30 dikaiosu/nhn) and in Christian writers; see delta 1227 and note. LSJ entry at web address 1.
[3] If this is in reference to the subsequent quotation, where, rather than the headword, a form of the related compound metadiw/kein occurs, the interpretation is probably a misunderstanding by the Suda or its source. The verb metadiw/kein does not occur in any meaning but the ones extant for diw/kein (see LSJ at web address 2). For "follow after", "pursue", cf. Herodotus 3.4; Xenophon, Cyropaedia 4.3.3; Alexander of Aphrodisias, Commentaries on Aristotle's Topica 437.19 to\ a)kribe\s e)n tw=| lo/gw| "precision in language". Like diw/kw, metadiw/kw can refer to virtues, as in Eusebius, Praeparatio Evangelica 11.4.1 th\n eu)se/beian th/n te dia\ th=s tw=n h)qw=n katorqw/sews pro\s to\n qeo\n fili/an [...] metedi/wcan, a)ll' ou) swma/twn h(donh\n "they pursued piety and the amity toward God [that can be achieved] through righteousness of habits, not physical pleasure"). For the sense of searching for something, investigating, see Plato, Timaeus 46E ta\s prw/tas ai)ti/as, "the primary causes". The meaning of the word in the passage about to be quoted in this entry is most probably that the ships "moved in the direction" of many (different) places.
[4] Quotation (shorter version in ps.-Zonaras) unidentifiable; from the lost sections of the Excerpta of Constantine Porphyrogenitus (so Adler). For 'the Ionian gulf' cf. iota 417.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: Christianity; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; history; law; military affairs; philosophy; religion
Translated by: Antonella Ippolito on 7 February 2005@18:58:32.
Vetted by:
Antonella Ippolito on 7 February 2005@19:53:46.
Antonella Ippolito on 7 February 2005@22:59:09.
David Whitehead (modifications to translation and notes; added a keyword; extensive cosmetics) on 8 February 2005@06:35:51.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 10 February 2005@01:41:53.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 10 February 2005@03:00:51.
David Whitehead (expanded n.4) on 10 March 2011@04:48:55.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 13 July 2012@06:23:41.
Catharine Roth (tweaked notes) on 25 August 2013@21:35:29.
William Hutton (augmented and rearranged notes, tweaked translation) on 28 August 2013@12:40:40.
David Whitehead (coding and other cosmetics) on 11 November 2015@08:46:45.
Catharine Roth (betacode cosmeticule) on 7 September 2016@01:30:15.


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