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Headword: *dai/w
Adler number: delta,122
Translated headword: I learn
Vetting Status: high
[dai/w is] the [verb which means the same as] manqa/nw.[1] [Future] dai/sw,[2] [whence] dai/+skw,[3] and by dropping the iota da/skw[4] (since the words in common use which end in -kw do not tend to have a diphthong); with reduplication dida/skw ["I teach"],[5] and from this [the noun] dida/skalos ["teacher"].[6]
Greek Original:
*dai/w: to\ manqa/nw. dai/sw, dai/+skw, kai\ a)pobolh=| tou= i da/skw: e)peidh\ ta\ ei)s kw koinolektou/mena ou) qe/lousi di/fqoggon e)/xein: a)nadiplasiasmw=| dida/skw kai\ e)c au)tou= dida/skalos.
Repeated at delta 860.
[1] The verb da/w or (as here) dai/w "learn" actually occurs only in the aorist active, future middle, and perfect active and middle. It also has a reduplicated aorist active with causal force de/dae "he taught" (four times in Homer, Odyssey).
[2] This could be the future of dai/numi "give a banquet" (cf. delta 120); it does not occur in the sense of "teach."
[3] Hypothetical verb, unattested outside lexicography.
[4] Also hypothetical and unattested outside lexicography.
[5] cf. delta 861, delta 856, delta 857, epsilon 232.
[6] cf. delta 859, delta 860.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 28 April 2004@22:26:17.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented (existing notes); cosmetics) on 29 April 2004@03:39:37.
David Whitehead (addition to note 1) on 29 April 2004@05:52:19.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 17 June 2012@06:52:50.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 7 October 2015@06:03:50.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 7 October 2015@09:22:14.


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