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Headword: Διονύσιος
Adler number: delta,1178
Translated headword: Dionysius, Dionysios
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Tyrant of Sicily;[1] he wrote tragedies and comedies and historical works.[2]
"Others, too, became despots, but the tyranny of Dionysius was responsible for the greatest and most extreme ill-treatment [inflicted] on any state."[3]
Concerning the tyrant Dionysius and Philoxenus the dithyrambic poet, see in the [entry] 'take me away to the quarries'.[4]
Greek Original:
Διονύσιος, Σικελίας τύραννος: ἔγραψε τραγῳδίας καὶ κωμῳδίας καὶ ἱστορικά. ὅτι καὶ ἕτεροι ἐτυράννησαν, ἀλλ' ἡ τελευταία καὶ μεγίστη κάκωσις πάσαις ταῖς πόλεσιν ἡ Διονυσίου τυραννὶς ἐγένετο. περὶ Διονυσίου τοῦ τυράννου ζήτει περὶ Φιλοξένου διθυραμβοποιοῦ ἐν τῷ ἄπαγέ με εἰς τὰς λατομίας.
Notes:
[1] Dionysius I of Syracuse (c.430-367 BCE).
[2] See generally Kassel-Austin, PCG V p. 41.
[3] The quotation, left unattributed by Adler both here and when it reappears at tau 1187, derives from Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities 20.7.2. The adjective τελευταία here does more probably mean ultimate in the sense of "greatest" than (as the Loeb translator E.Cary had it) last in a simple chronological sequence; and for κάκωσις , "ill-treatment", see LSJ s.v. ("ill-usage of persons by their natural protectors" - a tyrant in this instance).
[4] alpha 2862; see also epsiloniota 291 and tau 1187.
Keywords: biography; comedy; ethics; geography; historiography; history; poetry; proverbs
Translated by: Tony Natoli on 3 February 2000@17:02:03.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; cosmetics) on 26 March 2001@05:04:32.
David Whitehead (revisited first vetting, after correspondence with translator: aspects of original translation reinstated; notes modified and augmented) on 4 April 2001@03:44:26.
David Whitehead (restorative cosmetics) on 20 December 2002@05:08:19.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 12 July 2012@06:44:57.
David Whitehead (another note) on 23 December 2014@07:09:53.
David Whitehead (adjusted note-numbering) on 11 November 2015@04:54:55.

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