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Headword: *dioge/nhs
Adler number: delta,1143
Translated headword: Diogenes
Vetting Status: high
Son of a banker [named] Hikesios, from Sinope. Diogenes, after running away from his homeland on account of having counterfeited some coinage,[1] arrived in Athens. After meeting Antisthenes the Cynic,[2] he fell in love with that lifestyle and embraced the Cynic philosophy; he became contemptuous of his own great wealth. When he was old, he was taken by a pirate named Skirtalos[3] and after he had been sold in Corinth to a certain Xeniades, he stayed for a long time with his buyer, not choosing to be ransomed by the Athenians nor by his family and friends.
In the 113th Olympiad, he died after being bitten in the leg by a dog and refusing treatment, on the same day as Alexander of Macedon died in Babylon.[4]
Greek Original:
*dioge/nhs, *(ikesi/ou ui(o\s trapezi/tou, *sinwpeu/s. o(\s fugw\n th\n patri/da dia\ to\ parako/yai no/misma h)=lqen ei)s *)aqh/nas kai\ *)antisqe/nei parabalw\n tw=| *kunikw=| h)ra/sqh tou= e)kei/nou bi/ou kai\ th\n *kunikh\n filosofi/an h)spa/sato, pollh=s ou)/shs au)tw=| u(peridw\n ou)si/as. ghraio\s de\ w)\n u(po\ peiratou= *skirta/lou e)lh/fqh kai\ praqei\s e)n *kori/nqw| *cenia/dh| tini\ para\ tw=| priame/nw| die/meinen, ou)x e(lo/menos luqh=nai u(po\ *)aqhnai/wn h)\ tw=n oi)kei/wn kai\ fi/lwn. e)pi\ de\ th=s rig# *)olumpia/dos kate/streye to\n bi/on dhxqei\s u(po\ kuno\s to\ ske/los kai\ qerapei/as u(peridw/n, kata\ th\n au)th\n h(me/ran o(/te kai\ o( *makedw\n *)ale/candros e)n *babulw=ni a)pe/qanen.
Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry on Diogenes at web address 1; Catholic Encyclopedia entry on Cynicism at web address 2. See also delta 1141, delta 1144. For the present material cf. Diogenes Laertius 6.20-21 & 79.
[1] In D.L. rival authorities are cited for two versions of this: the counterfeiter was either Hikesios or Diogenes himself.
[2] See alpha 2723.
[3] cf. sigma 629.
[4] Undue compression here: D.L. says that he was an old man in the 113th Olympiad (328-325), and has already said that he died on the same day as Alexander the Great (in sc. 323).
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; chronology; economics; ethics; geography; history; medicine; philosophy; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: Diane Spurlock on 8 November 2002@15:55:01.
Vetted by:
Ross Scaife ✝ (added links; cosmetics) on 8 November 2002@21:27:15.
Ross Scaife ✝ (fixed link) on 8 November 2002@21:29:03.
Catharine Roth (added note and keywords) on 9 November 2002@14:23:02.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 11 November 2002@04:36:48.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 20 November 2005@08:56:50.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 11 July 2012@09:37:31.


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