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Headword: *dioge/nhs
Adler number: delta,1141
Translated headword: Diogenes
Vetting Status: high
Name of a philosopher, the one also [called] Dog.[1]
"Why should we speak of Diogenes' courage, of Xenocrates' gentleness, of Aristotle's artistic sense, of Theophrastos' gravity, of Zeno's austere and noble ways, of Plato's dignity, of Polemo's self-control? For there is not one of these men who, despite being good in all respects, nevertheless differed completely from his neighbor."[2]
An epigram is also reported about him: "Hey, Diogenes, tell [us], what fate took you to Hades?' 'A dog's bite took me'". But the epigram abridges [the expression].[3]
Greek Original:
*dioge/nhs: o)/noma filoso/fou, tou= kai\ *kuno/s. ti/ xrh\ peri\ th=s a)ndrei/as *dioge/nous le/gein, th=s prao/thtos *cenokra/tous, th=s *)aristote/lous eu)mousi/as, th=s *qeofra/stou baru/thtos, *zh/nwnos tw=n au)sthrw=n kai\ gennai/wn tro/pwn, *pla/twnos semno/thtos, *pole/mwnos e)gkratei/as: tou/twn ga\r ou)k e)/stin o(/stis ou) pa/nta a)gaqo\s w)\n die/feren o(/mws tou= plhsi/on katapolu/. fe/retai kai\ e)pi/gramma ei)s au)to/n: *dio/genes, a)/ge, le/ge, ti/s e)/labe/ se mo/ros e)s a)/i+dos; e)/labe/ me kuno\s o)da/c. to\ de\ e)pi/gramma dia\ braxe/wn.
[1] OCD(4) s.v. Diogenes(2), c.412/403-c.324/321. See also delta 1143, delta 1144.
[2] Quotation unidentifiable. For Xenocrates see xi 42; for Aristotle alpha 3929; for Theophrastus theta 199 (55 FHS&G); for Zeno zeta 79; for Plato pi 1707; for Polemo pi 1887. The Greek idiom uses a double negative, but the point must be that these famous philosophers are human beings like everyone else.
[3] From alpha 180 (q.v.); repeated at omicron 28.
Keywords: biography; ethics; philosophy; poetry; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 9 December 2004@01:08:12.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 9 December 2004@03:22:12.
David Mirhady on 25 July 2008@12:22:13.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 3 July 2009@23:02:35.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 11 July 2012@09:30:18.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 3 August 2014@05:07:35.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 10 November 2015@06:25:38.
Catharine Roth (tweaked my translation (at DW's instigation)) on 10 November 2015@10:58:29.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation and note, after further discussion with DW) on 31 August 2016@17:56:52.


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