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Headword: *xili/arxos
Adler number: chi,305
Translated headword: chiliarch; tribune
Vetting Status: high
When fifteen years in addition to the three hundred since the first founding of the city had elapsed, the chiliarchs gained control of the empire of the Romans.
Greek Original:
*xili/arxos: pentekai/deka pro\s toi=s triakosi/ois e)tw=n a)po\ tou= prw/tou sunoikismou= tou= a)/steos diagegono/twn, xili/arxoi th\n *(rwmai/wn a)rxh\n parei/lhfon.
A "chiliarch" [xili/arxos] is literally a leader [a)rxo/s] of one thousand [xilia/s] men; an officer often given command of a garrison, as in e.g. Xenophon, Cyropaedia 8.1.14. But it is also used as the equivalent of the Latin tribunus militum (see LSJ s.v.), and in the present instance actually refers to the tribuni plebis, whose constitutional importance is here dated to the year 315 AUC = 438 BCE. (Eutropius, Breviarium 2.1 has a later dating: 365 years AUC.)
Keywords: chronology; constitution; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; historiography; history; military affairs; politics
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 29 March 2008@18:08:30.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation, set status) on 29 March 2008@20:44:13.
David Whitehead (augmented and modified notes; more keywords; cosmetics) on 30 March 2008@05:32:56.
David Whitehead (tweaked note) on 8 August 2011@04:33:31.
David Whitehead on 11 November 2013@08:03:54.
David Whitehead (coding) on 1 June 2016@03:39:04.


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