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Headword: *xilh/
Adler number: chi,303
Translated headword: fodder
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] food.
Also [sc. attested is] xilo/s, masculine, [also meaning] food.
Xenophon [writes]: "the herds were all fed indoors with fodder."[1]
"[...] through their own country, where there was fodder and water for horses." Herodotus [sc. says this].[2]
"[...] to bring inside the walls as much grain and fodder as was in the region."[3]
[The word] xilo/s [is] masculine.
And [sc. note also the name] Achilles, the hero, [deriving] from not sharing in fodder [metasxei=n xilou=]; for he was fed on marrow."[4]
Fodder is grown on the mainland; that is, pasturage. Whence [comes the term] e)kkexilwme/nhn ("covered with grass"), [meaning] "falsified" or "made dry and barren", that is, uncared-for.[5]
Greek Original:
*xilh/: trofh/. kai\ *xilo/s, a)rsenikw=s, h( trofh/. *cenofw=n: ta\ de\ kth/nh pa/nta xilw=| e)/ndon e)tre/fonto. dia\ th=s e(te/rhs xw/rhs, th=| xilo/s te i(/ppois kai\ u(/data h)=n. *(hro/dotos. o(/sos te si=tos kai\ xilo\s e)n th=| xw/ra| ei)/sw teixw=n komi/zesqai. a)rseniko\n o( xilo/s. kai\ *)axilleu/s, o( h(/rws, para\ to\ mh\ metasxei=n xilou=: mueloi=s ga\r e)tre/feto. o(/ti o( xilo\s e)n xe/rsw| fu/etai: tou=to de/ e)sti xo/rtos. o(/qen to\ e)kkexilwme/nhn, a)nti\ tou= e)yeusme/nhn h)\ kexerswme/nhn, oi(=on e)chleimme/nhn.
For this entry see also e.g. Hesychius, Lexicum Ambrosianum 247 (according to Adler), Etymologicum Genuinum, Etymologicum Magnum 811.47.
[1] Xenophon, Anabasis 4.5.25 (web address 1 below).
[2] Herodotus 4.140.3 (web address 2). The text of Herodotus reads sfete/rhs for the Suda's e(te/rhs ("other").
[3] Quotation and context unidentifiable.
[4] cf. Etymologicum Magnum 181.28.
[5] From epsilon 420, which reads e)chmelhme/nhn ("uncared for") for e)chleimme/nhn here ("wiped out, erased"). See also Pausanias the Atticist fr.323, and Etymologicum Magnum 322.15.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: agriculture; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; mythology; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 29 March 2008@02:44:31.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (supplemented tr; augmented keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 30 March 2008@08:21:36.
David Whitehead on 11 November 2013@08:02:27.


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