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Headword: *xalepw/taton
Adler number: chi,19
Translated headword: very difficult
Vetting Status: high
Aristotle says in the second [book] of Topica: converting[1] an appropriate name derived from an accidental[2] [is] very difficult. One would say very difficult because it is not simple nor readily done, as in the case of the others.
Greek Original:
*xalepw/taton: fhsi\n *)aristote/lhs e)n deute/rw| *topikw=n: xalepw/taton to\ a)ntistre/fein th\n a)po\ tou= sumbebhko/tos oi)kei/an o)nomasi/an. xalepw/taton le/goi a)/n, o(/ti mh\ a(plou=n mhde\ pro/xeiron, w(s e)pi\ tw=n a)/llwn.
Alexander of Aphrodisias, Commentaries on Aristotle's Topica 131.20-23 Wallies. The Suda's headword, neuter singular of this superlative, is extracted from the body of the entry.
[1] Aristotle shortly illustrates an example of correct conversion in 109a14-16: "for example, if 'to be a biped pedestrian animal is an attribute of A,' it will be true to say by conversion that 'A is a biped pedestrian animal'." For a formal definition of "conversion" see web address 1 below.
[2] In 109a22-24: "... it is not enough to show that whiteness or justice is an attribute of a man in order to show that he is white or just; for it is possible to argue that he is only partly white or just." In other words whiteness and justice are not necessary attributes of a man but being a biped is. From Aristotle on, 'accidentals' or simply 'accidents' play a great role in philosophical definitions. For a formal definition of 'accident' see web address 2 below.
E.S. Forster (tr.), Topica: London and Cambridge, MA, 1960, the source of the translations of the Topica.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; philosophy
Translated by: Oliver Phillips ✝ on 7 March 2002@17:36:46.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 22 December 2002@08:03:51.
David Whitehead (added primary note and another keyword) on 22 April 2010@07:07:15.
Catharine Roth (tweaked notes) on 26 September 2013@00:08:03.
David Whitehead on 7 November 2013@05:48:36.


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