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Headword: *xai/rein
Adler number: chi,164
Translated headword: greetings
Vetting Status: high
To add 'greetings' to letters [was] the ancient way. Some say that Kleon was the first to do this, but they are wrong.
Greek Original:
*xai/rein: a)rxai=on e)/qos to\ e)pistolai=s prostiqe/nai to\ xai/rein. oi( de\ le/gontes *kle/wna prw=ton xrh/sasqai tou/tw|, yeu/dontai.
From the scholia to Aristophanes, Clouds 609 (web address 1), where this form -- an infinitive of the verb meaning 'to be happy' -- occurs. The claim that Kleon (kappa 1731) was the first to use it, in a despatch back to Athens from Pylos in 424 BCE (chi 162), originates in Eupolis fr. 308 Kock (now 331 K.-A.), but there was disagreement amongst the Aristophanic scholiasts whether to accept this.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; chronology; comedy; daily life; dialects, grammar, and etymology; history; military affairs; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 29 October 2003@04:26:09.
Vetted by:
William Hutton (cosmetics, augmented note, added link and keywords, set status) on 7 November 2003@14:30:30.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 9 November 2003@04:33:02.
David Whitehead on 10 November 2013@05:46:21.
David Whitehead on 30 December 2014@09:00:50.


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