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Headword: *xai/rein
Adler number: chi,163
Translated headword: to say 'hello'
Vetting Status: high
Just like birds, [which] learn these things from men. Birds exclaim "hello!" and "good luck!" and "sweet Zeus!" and these sorts of things,[1] neither knowing what they are saying nor being well-disposed towards men, but being trained in speech.
Greek Original:
*xai/rein: w(/sper oi( o)/rniqes, a(\ manqa/nousi para\ tw=n a)nqrw/pwn. to\ xai=re kai\ to\ eu)= pra/ttois kai\ to\ *zeu\s i(/lews kai\ ta\ toiau=ta oi( o)/rniqes eu)/xontai, ou)/te ei)do/tes o(/ ti le/gousin, ou)/te diakei/menoi pro\s tou\s a)nqrw/pous, a)lla\ e)rruqmisme/noi th\n glw=ttan.
Philostratus, Life of Apollonius of Tyana 1.7.
The headword is xai/rein, the present active infinitive of xai/rw. The usual use is the imperative as xai=re in the gloss ("hello!"). It was also used for "Good-bye". See also chi 162.
[1] "Good luck!" is a translation of eu)= pra/ttois ("may you do well"; see epsilon 3605) while "sweet Zeus" (*zeu\s i(/lews) is slightly anomalous as *Zeu\s is in the nominative case while i(/lews is vocative.
Keywords: daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; religion; rhetoric; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 18 March 2008@14:07:56.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 19 March 2008@10:44:48.
David Whitehead on 10 November 2013@05:43:48.
Catharine Roth (coding and cosmetics) on 2 January 2015@00:48:53.


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