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Headword: *bi/antos *prihne/ws di/kh
Adler number: beta,270
Translated headword: Bias of Priene's justice
Vetting Status: high
This man [was] one of the Seven Sages. He is said to have been very clever at speaking in lawsuits; however, he used the power of his words for good. Hipponax [writes]: "to litigate more powerfully than Bias of Priene."[1]
Greek Original:
*bi/antos *prihne/ws di/kh: ou(=tos ei(=s tw=n e(pta\ sofw=n. le/getai de\ ei)s ta\s di/kas deino/tatos gegone/nai ei)pei=n: e)p' a)gaqw=| me/ntoi th=| tw=n lo/gwn i)sxu/i+ e)xrh=to. *(ippw/nac: dika/zesqai *bi/antos tou= *prihne/ws krei/sswn.
Bias was a famous judge in the Ionian city of Priene, c.570 BCE. See the detailed account in Diogenes Laertius 1.82-88 and more briefly Strabo 14.1.12.
The point of the quotation from Hipponax (an Ionian poet and Bias' contemporary) is that Bias was the standard for powerful forensic speaking.
[1] Hipponax fr. 79 Bergk; again at delta 1055.
OCD(4) s.v. 'Hipponax' (p.689) and 'Seven Sages' (p.1357)
Keywords: biography; daily life; ethics; geography; law; poetry; proverbs
Translated by: Susan Shapiro on 9 July 1999@14:10:11.
Vetted by:
David Mirhady on 17 December 1999@17:57:25.
David Whitehead (modified notes; cosmetics) on 21 March 2001@08:41:13.
David Whitehead (added x-ref and keywords; cosmetics) on 11 May 2003@11:00:43.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 28 May 2012@07:01:06.
David Whitehead (updated 2 refs) on 1 August 2014@05:37:16.


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