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Headword: Βηρούνιον
Adler number: beta,265
Translated headword: Berounion, Virunum
Vetting Status: high
Name of a city.[1] For the Noricians[2] are a people, where a divinely-sent monster of a boar was ravaging the land, and everyone who tried to attack it achieved nothing, until a certain man, turning the pig over, put it up on his shoulders, somewhat as the story is also related about Calydon.[3] And the Noricians shouted out "One man!" in their own language -- that is, [sc. in Latin] berounous [vir unus]. From this the city was called Berounion.
Greek Original:
Βηρούνιον: ὄνομα πόλεως. Νωρικοὶ γὰρ ἔθνος, ἔνθα συὸς χρῆμα θεόπεμπτον τὴν χώραν ἐλυμαίνετο, καὶ αὐτῷ πάντες ἐπιχειροῦντες οὐδὲν ἤνυον, μέχρι τις ἀνὴρ τὸν σῦν περιτρέψας ἐπὶ τοὺς ὤμους ἀνέθετο, οἷόν τι καὶ περὶ Καλυδόνος μυθεύεται. οἱ δὲ Νωρικοὶ ἐπεβόησαν εἷς ἀνὴρ τῇ ἰδίᾳ φωνῇ, τουτέστι βηρούνους. ὅθεν ἡ πόλις Βηρούνιον ἐκλήθη.
cf. nu 560.
[1] Present-day Zollfeld in Austria. See generally OCD(4) s.v. Virunum.
[2] For Noricum, a Roman province in the eastern Alps, see OCD(4) s.v. (and nu 560).
[3] For the story of the Calydonian boar, see Apollodorus, The Library 1.8.2-3 (told in the context of the story of the death of Meleager [Author, Myth]).
Keywords: aetiology; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; mythology; religion; zoology
Translated by: Craig Gibson on 4 July 2003@22:43:16.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead on 6 July 2003@08:23:08.
David Whitehead (added x-ref) on 22 September 2003@07:23:40.
David Whitehead on 28 May 2012@06:36:55.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 2 June 2012@01:43:44.
David Whitehead (updated OCD refs) on 1 August 2014@05:35:10.
David Whitehead (adjustment, suggested by Dr Nick Nicholas) on 19 December 2015@10:30:20.


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