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Headword: *ba/dhn
Adler number: beta,16
Translated headword: step-by-step
Vetting Status: high
[Referring to someone] proceeding at a walk.[1]
"Some he sent off ahead, but he himself, leading the army in a square formation, withdrew step-by-step."[2]
And elsewhere: "following step-by-step and in a leisurely fashion."[3]
Aristophanes [writes]: "[the] Megarians, when they were starving step-by-step, appealed to [the] Spartans".[4] Meaning they were starving, they were being destroyed by famine. *ba/dhn means that the famine was increasing little by little and incrementally, growing in size.
Greek Original:
*ba/dhn: peripa/tw| e)rxo/menos. tou\s me\n proape/steilen, au)to\s de\ e)n plinqi/w| th\n stratia\n e)pago/menos e)xw/rei ba/dhn. kai\ au)=qis: ba/dhn kai\ sxolai/ws a)kolouqw=n. *)aristofa/nhs: *megarei=s, o(/t' e)pei/nwn ba/dhn, *lakedaimoni/wn e)de/onto. a)nti\ tou= e)li/mwtton, u(po\ limou= diefqei/ronto. ba/dhn a)nti\ tou= kata\ braxu\ au)canome/nou tou= limou= kai\ e)pi/dosin lamba/nontos, proi+o/ntos e)pi\ to\ mei=zon.
The headword, copiously attested from Homer onwards, is illustrated by all three of the quotations given.
[1] = Synagoge beta3, Photius beta15; cf. Hesychius beta31.
[2] Quotation unidentifiable; again (slightly differently) at pi 1775.
[3] Quotation unidentifiable.
[4] Aristophanes, Acharnians 535 (web address 1). The scholia there supply the gloss here.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; epic; food; geography; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: John Arnold on 7 July 2000@17:15:35.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (supplied headword; modified translation and notes; added keywords) on 21 March 2001@07:01:46.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, adjusted link) on 7 June 2007@18:56:33.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 8 June 2007@03:13:13.
William Hutton (augmented notes, typos and cosmetics, raised status) on 19 February 2008@09:34:07.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 18 May 2012@04:12:46.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 31 May 2012@00:08:03.
David Whitehead on 14 September 2015@06:40:51.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 15 January 2016@01:06:30.


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