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Headword: Ἀκέσασθαι καὶ Ἀκέσαι
Adler number: alpha,841
Translated headword: to heal
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] to heal.[1] Whence Athenians [or: Attic-dialect-users] call the needlewoman an akestria.[2]
Greek Original:
Ἀκέσασθαι καὶ Ἀκέσαι: ἰάσασθαι. ὅθεν Ἀττικοὶ τὴν ἠπήτριαν ἀκέστριαν καλοῦσιν.
Notes:
In the Greek there are twin headwords, respectively aorist middle infinitive and aorist active infinitive of ἀκέομαι ; see further below. Same or similar entry elsewhere; see the references at Photius alpha729 Theodoridis; also Kassel-Austin, PCG II p.320 (s.v. Antiphanes).
[1] For this equivalence, impossible to reflect in translation, cf. also alpha 842, alpha 846, alpha 848, alpha 851, eta 165. (Another one in alpha 845 etc.)
[2] For 'needlewoman' see eta 432 -- but this assertion, repeated there, makes little sense. Eustathius (1647.56) vigorously denies the relationship between the word for stitching and the word akestria for 'healer', and this entry perhaps reflects a confused correction of an earlier one.
The active infinitive is anomalous, as the active form of this verb occurs only once, apparently a learned back-formation of Apollonius Rhodius. See alpha 856 for a fuller discussion of this verb.
Keywords: comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; medicine; trade and manufacture; women
Translated by: Robert Dyer on 5 June 2000@08:52:42.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, keywords) on 28 February 2002@13:55:22.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 20 July 2006@19:42:35.
David Whitehead (another x-ref and keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 21 July 2006@03:15:11.
David Whitehead (more x-refs; another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 24 January 2012@04:13:35.
David Whitehead (expanded primary note) on 19 August 2013@07:47:14.
David Whitehead (expanded primary note; another keyword) on 22 December 2014@04:52:55.

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