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Headword: Ἀθήναιος
Adler number: alpha,731
Translated headword: Athenaios, Athenaeus
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Of Naucratis.[1] Grammarian. Lived in the time of Marcus. He wrote a book with the title Deipnosophists, in which he records how many of the ancients had a reputation for munificence in giving banquets.[2]
Alexander the Great, after that naval victory over the Spartans and after he had fortified the Peiraeus, sacrificed a hecatomb and feasted all the Athenians.[3] And after his Olympic victory Alcibiades gave a feast for the whole festival.[4] Leophron did the same at the Olympic games.[5] And Empedocles of Acragas, being a Pythagorean and an abstainer from animal food, when he won an Olympic victory made an ox out of incense, myrrh and expensive perfumes and divided it among those who came to the festival. And Ion of Chios, when he won a victory in the tragic competition at Athens, gave every Athenian a jar of Chian [sc. wine].[6] And Tellias of Acragas, a hospitable man, when 500 horsemen were billeted with him during the winter, gave each of them a cloak and tunic.[7] [It is on record] that Charmus of Syracuse used to utter little verses and proverbs for every one of the dishes served at his banquets. Clearchus of Soli calls the poem Deipnology, others Opsology, Chrysippus Gastronomy, others The Life of Luxury [Hedupatheia].[8] [It is on record] that in Plato's symposium there were 28 diners.
Greek Original:
Ἀθήναιος, Ναυκρατίτης, γραμματικὸς, γεγονὼς ἐπὶ τῶν χρόνων Μάρκου. ἔγραψε βιβλίον ὄνομα Δειπνοσοφισταί: ἐν ᾧ μνημονεύει, ὅσοι τῶν παλαιῶν μεγαλοψύχως ἔδοξαν ἑστιᾶν. ὁ μέγας Ἀλέξανδρος κἀκείνην νικήσας ναυμαχίαν Λακεδαιμονίους καὶ τειχίσας τὸν Πειραιᾶ καὶ ἑκατόμβην θύσας πάντας εἱστίασεν Ἀθηναίους. καὶ Ἀλκιβιάδης Ὀλύμπια νικήσας τὴν πανήγυριν ἅπασαν εἱστίασε. τὸ αὐτὸ καὶ Λεόφρων Ὀλυμπιάσι. καὶ Ἐμπεδοκλῆς ὁ Ἀκραγαντῖνος, Πυθαγορικὸς ὢν καὶ ἐμψύχων ἀπεχόμενος, Ὀλύμπια νικήσας, ἐκ λιβανωτοῦ καὶ σμύρνης καὶ τῶν πολυτελῶν ἀρωμάτων βοῦν ἀναπλάσας διένειμε τοῖς εἰς τὴν πανήγυριν ἀπαντήσασι. καὶ ὁ Χῖος Ἴων τραγῳδίαν νικήσας Ἀθήνησιν ἑκάστῳ τῶν Ἀθηναίων ἔδωκε Χῖον κεράμιον. καὶ ὁ Ἀκραγαντῖνος Τελλίας φιλόξενος ὢν καταλύσασί ποτε φ# ἱππεῦσιν ὥρᾳ χειμῶνος, ἔδωκεν ἑκάστῳ χιτῶνα καὶ ἱμάτιον. ὅτι Χάρμος ὁ Συρακούσιος εἰς ἕκαστον τῶν ἐν τοῖς δείπνοις παρατιθεμένων στιχίδια καὶ παροιμίας ἔλεγε. Κλέαρχος δὲ ὁ Σολεὺς δειπνολογίαν καλεῖ τὸ ποίημα, ἄλλοι ὀψολογίαν, Χρύσιππος γαστρονομίαν, ἄλλοι ἡδυπάθειαν. ὅτι ἐν τῷ συμποσίῳ Πλάτωνος κη# ἦσαν δαιτυμόνες.
Notes:
Fl. c. AD 200. See generally RE Athenaios(22); NP Athenaios(3); OCD4 Athenaeus(1); Olson (2006), vii.
[1] In Egypt (see nu 58).
[2] cf. delta 359, sigma 1397. What follows is excerpted from Athenaeus 1.3D-4A [1.5 Kaibel], 4E (epit.).
[3] Two of Athenaeus' examples (3D) have been run together here (and again at alpha 1123): the 'naval victory over the Spartans' refers to Conon's victory at Cnidus (394 BC).
[4] cf. alpha 1280 (end).
[5] Athenaeus says (3E) that Simonides wrote a victory ode commemorating this (PMG 515, and Olson, 2006, 15 n.34).
[6] cf. iota 487 (end) and chi 314. On "Chian" and other wines with specific (though not necessarily simple) city-connections see A. Dalby, "Topikos Oinos", in D. Harvey and J. Wilkins (eds.), The Rivals of Aristophanes (London 2000) 397-405.
[7] cf. tau 272.
[8] cf. chi 132. The poem in question was in fact by Archestratus of Gela; see discussion of the title (most probably Hedypatheia in S. D. Olson and A. Sens (eds.), Archestratos of Gela: Greek Culture and Cuisine in the Fourth Century BCE(Oxford 2000) xxii-xxiv.
References:
D. Braund and J. Wilkins, eds. Athenaeus and his World. Exeter, 2000
S.D. Olson, Athenaeus: The Learned Banqueters (Loeb Classical Library: 2006-)
Keywords: architecture; athletics; biography; chronology; clothing; economics; food; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; philosophy; proverbs; religion; tragedy
Translated by: Malcolm Heath on 7 July 1999@14:13:15.
Vetted by:
Elizabeth Vandiver (Added transliteration to headword) on 14 August 2000@14:39:21.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 15 June 2001@06:09:35.
David Whitehead (augmented note 6) on 3 August 2001@10:02:27.
David Whitehead (augmented initial note; added bibliography; cosmetics) on 11 October 2002@03:28:29.
Elizabeth Vandiver (Added italics; cosmetics) on 12 February 2005@22:01:08.
Aikaterini Oikonomopoulou (Augmented and corrected notes; added bibliography) on 21 February 2008@14:05:08.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 22 February 2008@04:03:13.
David Whitehead (tweaked bibliographical item) on 20 January 2012@04:12:30.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 19 January 2014@07:25:01.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 July 2014@08:24:54.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 22 November 2014@22:08:06.
David Whitehead (expanded a ref) on 14 January 2015@03:48:39.

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