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Headword: *)azhnieu/s
Adler number: alpha,594
Translated headword: Azenieus, Azenia-man
Vetting Status: high
Azenia is a deme of the Hippothoontid tribe,[1] of which a tribesman[2] was called Azenieus.
They say that the people of Attica of ancient times pronounced Azenians and Erchians and Halians[3] and the like with a rough breathing: Polemon in the [writings] In response to Adaios and Antigonos[4].
Greek Original:
*)azhnieu/s: *)azhni/a dh=mos e)sti\ fulh=s th=s *(ippoqownti/dos, a)f' h(=s o( fule/ths *)azhnieu/s. kai\ *)azhniei=s kai\ *)erxiei=s kai\ *(aliei=s kai\ pa/nta ta\ o(/moia dase/ws fasi\ fqe/ggesqai tou\s *)attikou\s tou\s palaiou\s *pole/mwn e)n toi=s pro\s *)adai=on kai\ *)anti/gonon.
The headword is the demotikon (deme-name) for the small Attic deme Azenia. Source for this opening paragraph: Harpokration s.v., commenting on the headword's appearance in Aeschines 3.139.
[1] For the tribal eponym Hippothoon see iota 558 (and OCD s.v.). Strabo (9.398) appears to locate this deme at the southern tip of Attica, but his text is conventionally emended from Azenieis to Ateneis (Der kleine Pauly, 1. Stuttgart 1964, s.v.); if that is correct, little evidence remains for locating Azenia (though J.S. Traill, Demos and Trittys (Toronto 1986) 137 with n.40 makes a tentative suggestion).
[2] An error (also in some other entries of this kind) for demesman.
[3] Erchia and Halai are two other demes in Attica. E. belonged to the Aegeid tribe, Halai to either Aigeis (H. Araphenides) or Kekropis (H. Aixonides). See generally J.S. Traill, The Political Organization of Attica (Princeton 1975) appendix D, at p.124.
[4] Polemon fr.65 Preller. Polemon's book of this name is a diatribe against Adaios and Antigonos, writers about art and crafts at the court of King Attalus. (For Adaios (alpha 431) of Mytilene see Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 13.606A-B (13.84 Kaibel); Der Kleine Pauly, 4, Munich 1972 s.v. Polemon(4) and Adaios(3).)
E. L. von Leutsch and F.G. Schneidewin, (eds) Corpus Paroemigraphorum Graecorum. Goettingen 1839-51
C.W.J. Eliot, Coastal Demes of Attika (Toronto 1962) 125-6
D. Whitehead, The Demes of Attica (Princeton 1986) index s.v.
Keywords: constitution; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; rhetoric
Translated by: Carl Widstrand on 2 February 2000@11:38:43.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (Altered wording, entered headword.) on 15 August 2000@00:53:34.
David Whitehead (modified translation and notes) on 15 September 2000@07:22:56.
David Whitehead (augmented initial note; added x-refs and keyword; cosmetics) on 10 June 2003@07:59:33.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 20 July 2011@06:30:08.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 13 January 2015@23:45:53.
David Whitehead (tweaked a ref) on 14 January 2015@03:26:54.
David Whitehead on 29 April 2015@10:36:43.


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