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Headword: Ἀδράστεια
Adler number: alpha,524
Translated headword: Adrasteia
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Some say she is the same thing as Nemesis, and that she took the name from a particular king, Adrastos. Alternatively from the ancient Adrastos who suffered divine wrath [nemesis] for his boasts against the Thebans, who had established a shrine of Nemesis, which after these things acquired the name Adrasteia. Demetrius of Scepsis says that Adrasteia is Artemis, [sc. in a cult] established by one Adrastos.[1] Antimachus says: "there is a certain great goddess Nemesis, who apportions out all these things to the blessed; Adrestos was the first to set up an altar for her by the flowing river [Asopus]."[2] Some, however, add that she is different from Nemesis herself: so Menander and Nicostratus.[3]
Greek Original:
Ἀδράστεια: οἱ μὲν ταὐτὸν τῇ Νεμέσει λέγουσι, λαβεῖν δὲ τοὔνομα παρὰ Ἀδράστου τινὸς βασιλέως. ἢ ἀπὸ Ἀδράστου τοῦ παλαιοῦ, νεμεσηθέντος ἐφ' οἷς τῶν Θηβαίων κατηλαζονεύσατο, ἱδρυσαμένων ἱερὸν Νεμέσεως, ὃ μετὰ ταῦτα προσηγορεύθη Ἀδραστεία. Δημήτριος δὲ ὁ Σκήψιος Ἄρτεμίν φησιν εἶναι τὴν Ἀδράστειαν ἀπὸ Ἀδράστου τινὸς ἱδρυμένην. ὁ δὲ Ἀντίμαχος λέγει: ἔστι τις Νέμεσις μεγάλη θεὸς, ἣ τάδε πάντα πρὸς μακάρων ἔλαχε, βωμὸν δὲ οἱ εἴσατο πρῶτος Ἄδρηστος ποταμοῖο παρὰ ῥόον. ἔνιοι μέντοι ὡς διαφέρουσαν συγκαταλέγουσιν αὐτῇ τῇ Νεμέσει, ὡς Μένανδρος καὶ Νικόστρατος.
Notes:
See already alpha 523. The present entry derives from Harpokration s.v. ἀΔράστειαν (sic: accusative case).
[1] Demetrius of Scepsis [on whom see generally OCD(4) s.v. Demetrius(12), p.433] fr. 18 Gaede.
[2] Antimachus of Colophon (alpha 2681) fr. 43 Wyss.
[3] Menander fr. 321 Kock, 266 Koerte, now 226 Kassel-Austin; Nicostratus fr. 37 Kock, now 35 Kassel-Austin.
Keywords: aetiology; comedy; geography; mythology; poetry; religion
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 18 March 2001@18:09:25.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented notes; added keywords) on 19 March 2001@05:46:17.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 20 July 2011@05:36:04.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 July 2014@03:10:49.
David Whitehead on 30 December 2014@10:46:06.

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