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Headword: Ἀδράστεια
Adler number: alpha,524
Translated headword: Adrasteia
Vetting Status: high
Some say she is the same thing as Nemesis, and that she took the name from a particular king, Adrastos. Alternatively from the ancient Adrastos who suffered divine wrath [nemesis] for his boasts against the Thebans, who had established a shrine of Nemesis, which after these things acquired the name Adrasteia. Demetrius of Scepsis says that Adrasteia is Artemis, [sc. in a cult] established by one Adrastos.[1] Antimachus says: "there is a certain great goddess Nemesis, who apportions out all these things to the blessed; Adrestos was the first to set up an altar for her by the flowing river [Asopus]."[2] Some, however, add that she is different from Nemesis herself: so Menander and Nicostratus.[3]
Greek Original:
Ἀδράστεια: οἱ μὲν ταὐτὸν τῇ Νεμέσει λέγουσι, λαβεῖν δὲ τοὔνομα παρὰ Ἀδράστου τινὸς βασιλέως. ἢ ἀπὸ Ἀδράστου τοῦ παλαιοῦ, νεμεσηθέντος ἐφ' οἷς τῶν Θηβαίων κατηλαζονεύσατο, ἱδρυσαμένων ἱερὸν Νεμέσεως, ὃ μετὰ ταῦτα προσηγορεύθη Ἀδραστεία. Δημήτριος δὲ ὁ Σκήψιος Ἄρτεμίν φησιν εἶναι τὴν Ἀδράστειαν ἀπὸ Ἀδράστου τινὸς ἱδρυμένην. ὁ δὲ Ἀντίμαχος λέγει: ἔστι τις Νέμεσις μεγάλη θεὸς, ἣ τάδε πάντα πρὸς μακάρων ἔλαχε, βωμὸν δὲ οἱ εἴσατο πρῶτος Ἄδρηστος ποταμοῖο παρὰ ῥόον. ἔνιοι μέντοι ὡς διαφέρουσαν συγκαταλέγουσιν αὐτῇ τῇ Νεμέσει, ὡς Μένανδρος καὶ Νικόστρατος.
See already alpha 523. The present entry derives from Harpokration s.v. ἀΔράστειαν (sic: accusative case).
[1] Demetrius of Scepsis [on whom see generally OCD(4) s.v. Demetrius(12), p.433] fr. 18 Gaede.
[2] Antimachus of Colophon (alpha 2681) fr. 43 Wyss.
[3] Menander fr. 321 Kock, 266 Koerte, now 226 Kassel-Austin; Nicostratus fr. 37 Kock, now 35 Kassel-Austin.
Keywords: aetiology; comedy; geography; mythology; poetry; religion
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 18 March 2001@18:09:25.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented notes; added keywords) on 19 March 2001@05:46:17.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 20 July 2011@05:36:04.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 July 2014@03:10:49.
David Whitehead on 30 December 2014@10:46:06.


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