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Headword: *)/axrhsta
Adler number: alpha,4716
Translated headword: useless (things), unprofitable (things)
Vetting Status: high
And [there is] a proverb: "don't spend [sc. time] on useless things." Never do good for an old man, nor a malignant slave/boy, nor a talkative woman, nor a stupid slave/boy or a neighbor's dog, nor a chattering rower.[1]
See other [such injunctions] under Pythagoras.[2]
"Not to dart into (that is, burst into)[3] [the house] of a dancing girl, lest, while gaping after such things, you are struck [with an apple][4] by a whore and forfeit (that is, fall away from)[5] your good reputation; and not to call [your father] Iapetos and reproach him for his age, from which you were reared in your infancy."[6] That is, [call him] idiotic, stupid. Iapetos [was] one of the Giants. And "reared in your infancy" is like brought up.[7] "Not to do wicked things to your parents, by doing which you would defile an image of modesty."[8] [Meaning] not to do to your parents uncivilized things which would defile images of modesty.
Greek Original:
*)/axrhsta. kai\ paroimi/a: *ei)s a)/xrhsta mh\ a)nali/skein. mh/ pot' eu)= e)/rdein ge/ronta, mh\ pai=da ba/skanon, mh/te gunai=ka la/lon, mh/te pai=da nh/pion mh/te gei/tonos ku/na, mh\ la/lon kwphla/thn. zh/tei e(/tera e)n tw=| *puqago/ras. mhd' ei)s o)rxhstri/dos ei)sa/|ttein [toute/stin ei)sphdh=sai], i(/na mh\ pro\s tau=ta kexhnw\s blhqei\s u(po\ porni/dos th=s eu)klei/as a)poqrausqh=|s [toute/stin e)kpe/sh|s], mhd' *)iapeto\n kale/santa mnhsikakh=sai th\n h(liki/an, e)c h(=s e)neottotrofh/qhs. toute/sti lh=ron, mwro/n. *)iapeto\s de\ ei(=s tw=n giga/ntwn. e)neottotrofh/qhs de\ oi(=on e)tra/fhs. mh\ para\ tou\s sautou= gone/as kakourgei=n, o(/ti th=s ai)dou=s me/lleis a)/galm' a)naplh/sein. mhd' a)pai/deuta/ tina poih/sh|s peri\ tou\s gone/as sautou=, o(/per me/llei th=s ai)dou=s ta\ a)ga/lmata plhrw=sai.
The unglossed headword, which must be quoted from somewhere, is neuter plural of this adjective.
[1] cf. mu 877 mu 973, and Diogenianus 6.61; Tosi (cited under alpha 378) no.1104.
[2] pi 3124.
[3] cf. epsiloniota 232.
[4] cf. mu 938.
[5] cf. theta 470.
[6] Aristophanes, Clouds 996-999 (web address 1 below), with glosses from the scholia there.
[7] cf. iota 41.
[8] ibid. 994-995 (abridged); a difficult and probably corrupt passage; see web address 1 below. Again, comments from the scholia follow.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: comedy; daily life; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; gender and sexuality; military affairs; mythology; philosophy; proverbs; women; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 8 June 2001@20:37:37.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented and modified translation; added notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 9 June 2001@09:34:06.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 6 March 2002@21:54:34.
David Whitehead (modified translation; added note; cosmetics) on 29 August 2002@06:11:44.
David Whitehead (modified translation; cosmetics) on 19 April 2006@03:58:23.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 9 May 2012@10:02:20.
David Whitehead on 16 August 2012@09:37:48.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link) on 9 January 2016@14:42:40.


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