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Headword: *)afe/tai
Adler number: alpha,4591
Translated headword: Aphetai, Aphetae
Vetting Status: high
A place in Athens[1] where the expedition of Xerxes had its first setback because of the unsuitability of the harbors. For this reason they consider Boreas[2] to be an ally of the Athenians. The god[3] had prophesied that they should sacrifice to their kinsman[4] wind; he is called kinsman because of Oreithyia.
Greek Original:
*)afe/tai: to/pos *)aqh/nhsin, e)/nqa o( sto/los *ce/rcou to\ prw=ton e)dustu/xhse dia\ lime/nwn a)nepithdeio/thta. o(/qen to\n *bore/an *)aqhnai/wn su/mmaxon ei)=nai nomi/zousi. xrh/sas d' h)=n o( qeo\s kai\ a)ne/mw| suggenei= qu/ein, ei)=nai de\ suggenh\s le/getai dia\ th\n *)wrei/quian.
Same entry in ps.-Zonaras.
[1] Incorrect. Our primary source on the episode in question here (Herodotus 7.188ff.) makes it clear that Aphetai is far to the north of Attica, in Thessaly; see also Strabo 9.5.15 & 18. Perhaps just inside the Gulf of Pagasai, or (as, speculatively, in the Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World map 55 grid E2) just outside it, near Olizon.
[2] The north wind; cf. beta 390.
[3] Apollo of Delphi.
[4] In Herodotus, more precisely, son-in-law (since Boreas had married an Athenian woman, Oreithyia, about to be mentioned).
Keywords: aetiology; definition; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; mythology; religion
Translated by: William Hutton on 20 November 2000@23:42:37.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes) on 19 March 2001@11:13:57.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaking) on 7 May 2012@05:05:32.


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