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Headword: Αὐτόχθονες
Adler number: alpha,4536
Translated headword: from their own soil, autochthonous
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Referring to] the Athenians; [sc. so called] either since they were the first to work the soil, that is the earth, when it was [still] fallow; or because of their not being immigrants. Arcadians and Aeginetans and Thebans, too, used to be called autochthones.[1]
Also [sc. attested is the singular] αὐτόχθων , [meaning someone] from the same city.[2]
Greek Original:
Αὐτόχθονες: οἱ Ἀθηναῖοι: ἢ ἐπεὶ τὴν χθόνα, τουτέστι τὴν γῆν, ἀργὴν οὖσαν πρῶτοι εἰργάσαντο: ἢ διὰ τὸ μὴ εἶναι αὐτοὺς ἐπήλυδας. αὐτόχθονες δὲ καὶ Ἀρκάδες καὶ Αἰγινῆται καὶ Θηβαῖοι ἐκαλοῦντο. καὶ Αὐτόχθων, τῆς αὐτῆς πόλεως.
Notes:
OCD(4) p.214, s.v. 'autochthons'.
[1] This first part of the entry - already at alpha 732 - is an abridgement of the equivalent one in Harpokration (which cites its sources in full, chiefly Demosthenes 19.261 (web address 1) and Apollodorus FGrH 244 F106).
[2] Same material in other lexica.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: aetiology; agriculture; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; mythology; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 11 October 2000@05:23:24.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added keywords; cosmetics) on 28 August 2002@07:02:57.
William Hutton (added link, modified translation and keywords, set status) on 30 June 2003@07:08:36.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 1 July 2011@06:41:25.
David Whitehead on 31 July 2014@04:49:00.
David Whitehead on 11 September 2015@04:41:42.

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