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Headword: *)adelfeio/s
Adler number: alpha,441
Translated headword: brother
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning the same as] a)delfo/s; but a)delfidou=s [is] first cousin.[1]
And [sc. the accusative is] to\n a)delfidou=n.
Also [sc. attested is the cognate verb] a)delfi/zein, meaning "to call [someone] brother". Isocrates and Hecataeus the Milesian and Apollophanes used [it] in this way.[2]
And in the feminine [there is also attested] th\n a)delfidh=n, h( a)delfidh=, th=s a)delfidh=s.[3]
[Note] that 'Alyattes the king of the Lydians dishonored his own sister'.[4]
Greek Original:
*)adelfeio/s: o( a)delfo/s: *)adelfidou=s de\ o( a)neyio/s. kai\ to\n a)delfidou=n. kai\ *)adelfi/zein, a)nti\ tou= a)delfo\n kalei=n. ou(/tws *)iso- kra/ths kai\ o( *milh/sios *(ekatai=os kai\ *)apollofa/nhs e)xrh/santo. kai\ to\ qhluko\n th\n a)delfidh=n, h( a)delfidh=, th=s a)delfidh=s. o(/ti *)alua/tths o( tw=n *ludw=n basileu\s h)/|sxune th\n e(autou= a)delfh/n.
The headword is the epic/Ionic form of the first gloss.
[1] On father's or mother's side both, apparently (cf. e.g. Herodotus 1.65 and 4.67); see LSJ s.v. a)delfidou=s.
[2] Isocrates 19.30; Hecataeus FGrH 1 F8; Apollophanes fr.4 Kock and Kassel-Austin (but note that Harpokration, the Suda's source here, says "Strattis or Apollonophanes").
[3] (A marginal addition in ms. A.) These forms are accusative, nominative and genitive of the noun meaning 'niece' (daughter of a brother or sister).
[4] o(/ti following = alpha 1423. (It is omitted in mss. GIT.) This statement (and alpha 1423) seems to be a conflation of information from the historian Nicolaus of Damascus. It was Sadyattes (father of our Alyattes) who dishonored his own sister -- or more probably niece: see under alpha 1423.
Keywords: biography; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; gender and sexuality; historiography; history; rhetoric; women
Translated by: Peter Anderson on 4 October 2000@15:12:08.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 5 October 2000@03:59:43.
Peter Anderson on 5 October 2000@09:57:48.
William Hutton (Cosmetics, added keywords) on 5 October 2000@10:38:25.
David Whitehead (added keywords; cosmetics) on 28 February 2003@09:51:30.
David Whitehead (retrieved correct keywords; cosmetics) on 7 July 2003@10:34:24.
Catharine Roth (more betacode) on 6 November 2003@00:43:54.
David Whitehead (added primary note; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 14 August 2009@08:55:19.
David Whitehead on 20 July 2011@05:17:06.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 22 December 2014@05:35:50.
David Whitehead (tweaks to tr and two of the notes) on 27 March 2015@11:40:49.


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