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Headword: Ἀτυφία
Adler number: alpha,4398
Translated headword: lack of delusion, modesty
Vetting Status: high
[Means] humility. And [the related adjective] ἄτυφον in [Plato's] Phaedrus [means] unharmful;[1] since delusion [τῦφον ] harms. And ἐπιτεθυμμένον ["inflamed"] likewise; for the [verb] θύψαι ["to inflame"] [means] to kindle. Also [sc. attested are] θυμάλωπες , the charcoals left by burning, the half-burned ones.[2] Also [sc. attested is the phrase] ἀτύφου μοίρας ["of undeluded fate"], [meaning] of that unharmed by arrogance.[3]
They say the wise man is ἄτυφος . For his attitude to good repute and ill-repute is the same. And there is someone else [they call] ἄτυφος : he who is classified as commonplace, that is base.[4]
"But they, dressed for peace [and] conducting the ritual without bodyguards, came most modestly." Aelian says [this].[5]
Greek Original:
Ἀτυφία: ταπεινοφροσύνη. καὶ Ἄτυφον ἐν Φαίδρῳ τὸ ἀβλαβές: ἐπεὶ τὸ τῦφον βλάπτει. καὶ ἐπιτεθυμμένον ὁμοίως: τὸ γὰρ θύψαι, ἐπικαῦσαι. καὶ θυμάλωπες, οἱ ἀπολελειμμένοι τῆς θύψεως ἄνθρακες, οἱ ἡμίκαυτοι. καὶ Ἀτύφου μοίρας, τῆς ἀβλαβοῦς ὑπὸ τύφου. ἄτυφόν φασιν εἶναι τὸν σοφόν. ἴσως γὰρ ἔχειν πρός τε τὸ ἔνδοξον καὶ ἄδοξον. εἶναι δὲ καὶ ἄλλον ἄτυφον, κατὰ τὸν εἰκαῖον τεταγμένον, ὅ ἐστι φαῦλον. οἱ δὲ εἰρηναίως ἐσταλμένοι ἄνευ δορυφόρων ἄγοντες τὴν ἱερουργίαν ἧκον ἀτυφότατα ἐκεῖνοι. Αἰλιανός φησι.
[1] Plato, Phaedrus 230A (web address 1 below). See further, n.3.
[2] Phrynichus, Praeparatio Sophistica fr. 277; cf. theta 547, theta 624.
[3] Likewise in Timaeus' Platonic Lexicon, commenting on this phrase in Plato's Phaedrus (see above).
[4] Stoic doctrine from Diogenes Laertius 7.117.
[5] Aelian fr. 140a Domingo-Forasté (137 Hercher); cf. epsiloniota 192.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; military affairs; philosophy; religion; science and technology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 28 March 2002@21:54:14.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added note and keywords; cosmetics) on 27 August 2002@08:13:19.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 31 July 2005@06:39:59.
William Hutton (replaced missing footnote no. and augmented n. 2) on 16 February 2008@10:56:38.
David Whitehead (another note; betacode and other cosmetics) on 29 April 2012@06:12:07.
Catharine Roth (updated reference in note 5, upgraded link) on 24 May 2013@00:33:39.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 24 December 2014@01:20:54.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 18 December 2015@01:21:16.


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