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Headword: Ἀταλάντη
Adler number: alpha,4309
Translated headword: Atalante, Atalanta
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
The wife of Akastos, who, having become infatuated with Peleus, initiated discussions about sex, but fearing rejection, lest he denounce her to her husband, beat him to it and slandered him [to] her husband, [claiming him] as wishing to sleep with her. Having laid an ambush, he plotted against Peleus -- who, perceiving this, waged war against him, having invited as allies both the Tyndaridai[1] and Jason (who was an enemy to Akastos) with whom he was friends, thanks to having been their shipmate on the Argo; and he seized Iolkos and killed the wife of Akastos.
Greek Original:
Ἀταλάντη, Ἀκάστου γυνὴ, ἥτις Πηλέως ἐρασθεῖσα λόγους ὑπὲρ μίξεως εἰσφέρει, ἀναινομένου δὲ δείσασα, μή μιν κατείποι πρὸς τὸν ἄνδρα, ὑποφθάσασα αὐτὸν προσδιαβάλλει τὸν ἄνδρα, ὡς εὐνηθῆναί οἱ ἐθέλοντα. ὁ δὲ λόχον ὑφείσας ἐπεβούλευσε Πηλεῖ. καὶ ὃς αἰσθόμενος ἐς πόλεμον κατέστη πρὸς αὐτὸν, ἐπικαλεσάμενος βοηθοὺς τούς τε Τυνδαρίδας καὶ Ἰάσονα, ἐχθρὸν ὄντα ἐκείνῳ, φίλος αὐτὸς ὢν διὰ τὸ σύμπλους ἐν τῇ Ἀργοῖ γεγονέναι: καὶ τήν τε Ἰωλκὸν αἱρεῖ καὶ τὴν Ἀκάστου γυναῖκα σφάττει.
Notes:
Nicolaus of Damascus FGrH 90 F55; cf. already alpha 809, and again upsilon 708.
This is not one of the more familiar tales of Atalanta (on whom see generally OCD(4) s.v., p.191) and in most accounts, such as that of Apollodorus, the wife of Akastos is named Astydameia: cf. under epsilon 2132. Paradiso [below] unravels the complex source-background which lies behind that entry, the present one, and others which relate to them (epsilon 1373, kappa 1035). See also under mu 393.
[1] Castor and Pollux.
Reference:
Annalisa Paradiso, 'Peleus and Acastus' wife between Nicolaus of Damaacus and Aelian', GRBS 56 (2016) 334-342
Keywords: biography; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; mythology; women
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 10 October 1999@19:42:58.
Vetted by:
Ross Scaife ✝ on 11 October 1999@12:26:41.
David Whitehead (supplied headwords; modified translation augmented notes) on 19 March 2001@08:18:34.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords) on 27 July 2006@08:27:38.
David Whitehead (x-refs) on 3 February 2007@04:31:44.
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaks) on 27 April 2012@05:33:52.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 31 July 2014@04:28:20.
David Whitehead (expanded note, with bibliography) on 27 May 2016@07:20:58.

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