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Headword: *)arxai=os
Adler number: alpha,4075
Translated headword: simple
Vetting Status: high
Meaning naive.[1] Plato [sc. uses the word in this sense].[2] Or [talking?] nonsense.
But [the related adverb] a)rxai/ws [means] carelessly, unobservantly; or even foolishly, naively. "[They] humming tunes simple-honeyed-Sidon-Phrynichus-lovely."[3]
Greek Original:
*)arxai=os: a)nti\ tou= eu)h/qhs. *pla/twn. h)\ lh=ros. *)arxai/ws de\ a)pragmo/nws, a)parathrh/tws: h)\ kai\ h)liqi/ws, eu)h/qws. minuri/zontes me/lh a)rxaiomelisidwnofrunixh/rata.
[1] cf. alpha 4072 (end), pi 54.
[2] cf. the scholia to Plato, Hippias Minor 371D, where it occurs.
[3] Aristophanes, Wasps 219-220 (web address 1 below); again at mu 1103. The final, outlandish word is "an appreciative comic adjective invented for the occasion" (MacDowell ad loc.). One of the best-known plays by the C6/5 tragedian Phrynichus was his Phoenician Women; though staged in the 470s BCE, it still evidently struck a chord half a century later.
Aristophanes, Wasps, edited with introduction and commentary by Douglas M. MacDowell (Oxford 1971)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; geography; meter and music; philosophy; tragedy
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 17 August 2001@04:49:04.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 17 August 2001@06:54:40.
David Whitehead (more keywords; betacode and other cosmetics) on 23 April 2012@05:32:17.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 24 January 2014@09:00:03.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link) on 18 November 2015@23:30:22.


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